Search results for: corrupt-bodies

The United Nations Convention Against Corruption

Author : Cecily Rose
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The United Nations Convention against Corruption includes 71 articles, and takes a notably comprehensive approach to the problem of corruption, as it addresses prevention, criminalization, international cooperation, and asset recovery. Since it came into force more than a decade ago, the Convention has attracted nearly universal participation by states. As a global and comprehensive convention, which establishes new rules in several areas of anti-corruption law and helps shape domestic laws and policies around the world, this treaty calls for scholarly study. This volume helps to fill a gap in existing academic literature by providing an invaluable reference work on the Convention. It provides systematic coverage of the treaty, with each chapter discussing the relevant travaux préparatoires, the text of the final article, comparisons with other anti-corruption treaties, and available information about domestic implementing legislation and enforcement. This commentary is designed to serve as a reference work for academics, lawyers, and policy-makers working in the anti-corruption field, and in the fields of transnational criminal law and domestic criminal law. Contributors include anti-corruption experts, scholars, and legal practitioners from around the globe.

Countering police corruption European perspectives

Author : Rositsa Dzhekova, Analyst, Center for the Study of Democracy Philip Gounev, Senior Analyst, Center for the Study of Democracy Tihomir Bezlov, Senior Analyst, Center for the Study of Democracy
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This publication reviews the policies and institutional mechanisms for countering police corruption in several EU member states. To be effective, anti-corruption efforts should be based on a system of independent and mutually accountable institutions which are sufficiently empowered to implement their objectives. This report emphasises the last two decades of experience in the UK, Belgium and Austria in modernising their anti-corruption policies and institutions. In addition to the institutional and legal framework, concrete measures and methods (risk assessment, integrity tests, etc.) are also examined. The Bulgarian and Romanian experience in countering corruption in law enforcement institutions is also reviewed with an emphasis on some of the main problems and gaps that undermine effective counter measures.

Combating Corruption in India

Author : Arvind Verma
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As corruption continues to be a persistent problem in India, concerned citizens believe empowered police agencies independent of political control are effective ways to deal with corrupt officials and politicians. What is corruption and how is it facilitated? What are the appropriate agencies to combat corruption professionally in India? Why are these not effective in deterring corrupt practices? Are the alternative solutions to tackle corruption successful? This book seeks to engage with these questions, discuss and analyze them, and conduct a thorough analysis of law, bureaucratic organizations, official data, case studies and comparative international institutions. It analyzes vast data to argue that a corrupt state only maintains the façade of rule of law but will not permit any inquiry beyond that of individual deviance. Using criminological perspectives, it presents a novel mechanism, the 'Doctrine of Good Housekeeping', for public officials to combat and prevent corruption within their own institutions.

The Role of Parliament in Curbing Corruption

Author : Rick Stapenhurst
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In most countries, parliament has the constitutional mandate to both oversee government and to hold government to account; often, audit institutions, ombuds and anti-corruption agencies report to parliament, as a means of ensuring both their independence from government and reinforcing parliament's position at the apex of accountability institutions. At the same time, parliaments can also play a key role in promoting accountability, through constituency outreach, public hearings, and parliamentary commissions. This title will be of interest to parliamentarians and parliamentary staff, development practitioners, students of development and those interested in curbing corruption and improving governance in developing and developed countries alike.

Governments NGOs and Anti Corruption

Author : Luís de Sousa
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The purpose of this book is to understand the rise, future and implications of two important new kinds of "integrity warriors" - official anti-corruption agencies (ACAs) and anti-corruption NGOs – and to locate them in a wider context and history of anti-corruption activity. Key issues of corruption and anti-corruption are discussed in an integrated and innovative way; through a number of country studies including Taiwan and South Korea, South East Europe, Fiji, Russia and the Baltic States. Some of the questions, used to examine the development of new anti-corruption actors, include: In what context were these born? How do they operate in pursuing their mission and mandate? How successful have they been in relation to expected results? To what extent are governmental and non governmental actors aware of each other and how far do they cooperate towards the common goal of fighting corruption? What explains the shift in emphasis after the end of the cold war, from national to international action? Governments, NGOs and Anti-Corruption will be of interest to students and scholars of corruption, public policy, political science, developmental studies and law. Luís de Sousa is an Associate Researcher at CIES-ISCTE, Portugal and Calouste Gulbenkian Fellow at the European University Institute, Italy. Barry Hindess is Emeritus Professor of Political Science at the Australian National University, Australia. Peter Larmour is a Reader in Public Policy and Governance at the Crawford School of Economics and Government, Australian National University, Australia.

Political Corruption in Africa

Author : Inge Amundsen
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Analysing political corruption as a distinct but separate entity from bureaucratic corruption, this timely book separates these two very different social phenomena in a way that is often overlooked in contemporary studies. Chapters argue that political corruption includes two basic, critical and related processes: extractive and power-preserving corruption.

Corruption and Organized Crime in Europe

Author : Philip Gounev
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In Corruption and Organised Crime in Europe, Gounev and Ruggiero present a discussion of the relation between organized criminals and corruption in the EU's 27 Member States. The book draws on research and scholarly work the editors carried out, respectively, within the Center for the Study of Democracy (CSD) in Bulgaria, and within academic institutions, as well as on behalf of the European Commission and the United Nations. Combining empirical data and theoretical debates, the book focuses on three main areas of the relationship between corruption and organised crime: public bodies, the private sector and criminal markets. It presents the findings of a recent research project carried out by the CSD on behalf of the European Commission, providing an analysis of the specific national contexts in which corruption and organized crime thrive. The essays also address institutional responses and policies, focusing particularly on how EU Member States attempt to sever the links between the official economy, the political sphere and organized crime. The second part of the book presents case studies, written by some of the foremost international experts on the subject matter, analysing corrupt exchange and criminal organisations, concentrating on specific European countries - Bulgaria, France, Greece, Italy, Russia, Spain and the UK. As the first comprehensive study of corruption and organised crime in the countries of the European Union, the book will be a valuable resource for students and scholars of criminology, sociology, law and international politics, as well policy makers and law-enforcement agencies.

Basket of Corruption over Six Continents

Author : Dr. Yash Paul Soni
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This book is for everyone who’s struggling to find their place in the world. The preparation of this Souvenir Book of the “BASKET OF CORRUPTION OVER SIX CONTINENTS” has been a work of love. Anything worthwhile is worth suffering for. In the past ten years, I have practiced a style of research that relies heavily on dialogues and discussions with individuals and especially when you are travelling abroad and playing Golf with many people, having discussions with group of people. Most of my insights and ideas originated and were further refined in those intellectual encounters. I have worked hard and long to find authentic material and collect data. In seeking out with curious eye the meat and bone of the past and present I have learned to love even more the quality of corruption which exist in this world. I present the History of Corruption around the world with deep sorrow and sadness that when a seed is planted in the ground (Corruption) germination happens. Germination is the process in which a seed changes from a state of dormancy to a growing living Plant (corruption). Corruption is very prevalent around the world, it is like an epidemic which has a major effect on the growth of the country. I present the History of Corruption and the accounts of events which takes place on each continent of this universe. This book will engender a greater appreciation of the past and a more respectful approach to the future.

Specialised Anti Corruption Institutions Review of Models

Author : OECD
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International anti-corruption treaties, including the UN Convention against Corruption, require member states to establish two types of anti-corruption institutions – one to prevent corruption and the other to combat corruption through law ...

Corrupt Bodies

Author : Peter Everett
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** SHORTLISTED FOR THE CWA'S ALCS GOLD DAGGER FOR NON-FICTION ** In 1985, Peter Everett landed the job as Superintendent of Southwark Mortuary. In just six years he’d gone from lowly assistant to running the UK’s busiest murder morgue. He couldn’t believe his luck. What he didn’t know was that Southwark, operating in near-Victorian conditions, was a hotbed of corruption. Attendants stole from the dead, funeral homes paid bribes, and there was a lively trade in stolen body parts and recycled coffins. Set in the fascinating pre-DNA and psychological profiling years of 1985–87, this memoir tells a gripping and gruesome tale, with a unique insight into a world of death most of us don’t ever see. Peter managed pathologists, oversaw post mortems and worked alongside Scotland Yard’s Murder Squad – including on the case of the serial killer, the Stockwell Strangler. This is a thrilling tale of murder and corruption in the mid-1980s, told with insight and compassion.