Search results for: european-multilingualism

European Multilingualism

Author : Dr. Rosita Rindler Schjerve
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This book provides a broad sociolinguistic perspective on major questions of political and cultural Europeanization. It is concerned with European multilingualism as it actually results from the intersecting endeavour of policy making and scientific research. This volume argues that the EU must overcome the major discrepancies of its linguistic diversity politics by developing into a multiple inclusive society beyond the nation-state in order to seriously unfold European multilingualism as a political goal. Expanding on the theoretical and methodological approaches developed within the EU project LINEE (Languages in a Network of European Excellence), this book further focuses on the LINEE key variables of European multilingualism i.e. 'culture', 'discourse', 'identity', 'ideology', 'knowledge', 'LPP', 'multi-competence', and 'power & conflict'. Against this background, this study argues for reconceptualising European multilingualism on the basis of an integrative and multi-focal approach.

Standard Languages and Multilingualism in European History

Author : Matthias Hüning
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Explores the roots of Europe's struggle with multilingualism. This book argues that, over the centuries, the pursuit of linguistic homogeneity has become a central aspect of the mindset of Europeans. It offers an overview of the emergence of a standard language ideology and its relationship with ethnicity, territorial unity and social mobility

Multilingualism in Europe

Author : Lorna Carson
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Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt/M., New York, Oxford, Wien. The important question of how to bring the European Union closer to its citizens is bound up with the issue of how individuals, groups and nation states express and assert identity, with one of the fundamental challenges how to approach and deal with multilingual communication. This study assesses language use in a multilingual trans-European speech community. It examines language learning at school, university and elsewhere, languages spoken at home and in the workplace, and speakers' attitudes towards language learning and future linguistic solutions in Europe. The speech community selected for the case study are graduates of the College of Europe, a postgraduate institution of European Studies. Amongst other questions, this publication asks why these particular speakers are multilingual, and whether a two-tier Europe is developing in terms of foreign language skills. Using the case study as a point of departure for further discussion, the author explores how a balance may be achieved between managing effective communication between speakers, whilst maintaining the right of the individuals to use their own mother tongue. Contents: Sociolinguistics - Foreign language learning - Language use and choice - Language attitudes.

Multilingualism in European Bilingual Contexts

Author : David Lasagabaster
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Despite the spread of multilingualism, the number of research studies in multilingual contexts is scarce. This book deals with this question by examining would-be teachers' language use and attitudes, as their influence on future generations can be enormous. The use of the same questionnaire and the same methodology allows the reader to compare the results obtained in different European bilingual contexts, where the presence of diverse foreign languages leads to a situation in which several languages are in contact.

Multilingualism and the Harmonisation of European Law

Author : Barbara Pozzo
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As European lawyers dealing with cross-border issues quickly learn, the terms contract, contrat, and contratto signify three very different legal concepts. This illustration highlights the importance of studying the relationships between language and law, particularly in the context of strong pressure from the European Community to harmonise the laws of the Member States a process which appears difficult, if not impossible, unless there is an understanding of the profound differences which exist between the various legal systems, and the development of a common European legal language from the 21 official languages now a feature of the European Union. This admirable collection of essays brings together the work of practitioners and scholars in three fields pertinent to this endeavour: representatives of Community institutions who are involved in drafting, translating, and interpreting multilingual texts; jurists and comparative lawyers from both civil law and common law systems; and researchers in linguistics and language issues. Among the many relevant matters they discuss are the following: terminologies of rights and remedies; the role of the European Court of Justice as interpreter; multilingualism in parliamentary practice; the role of the European Commissions legal revisers; and translation at the European Court of Justice. The essays were originally presented as papers at a conference held in Como in April 2005, organised by the Faculty of Law of the University of Insubria together with the Centro Interuniversitario di Ricerca in Diritto Comparato (Interuniversity Centre for Research in Comparative Law) set up by the Universities of Milan, Bologna and Insubria. This event took place in the context of a research project co-financed by the University of Insubria and the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research. The particular objective of the conference was to make a comparison between the day-to-day working requirements within the Community institutions, each with its own particular needs, and the longer-term analysis which the academic world could bring to bear on the problems of the translatability of legal terms. As the first in-depth appraisal of this crucial matter, this book cannot fail to find interested readers among all the branches of European law, practitioners and scholars, local and international. It is sure to be a highly valuable resource for many years to come.

Urban Multilingualism in East Central Europe

Author : Jan Fellerer
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Urban Multilingualism in East-Central Europe: The Polish Dialect of Late-Habsburg Lviv makes the case for a two-pronged approach to past urban multilingualism in East-Central Europe, one that considers both historical and linguistic features. Based on archival materials from late-Habsburg Lemberg––now Lviv in western Ukraine––the author examines its workings in day-to-day life in the streets, shops, and homes of the city in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The places where the city’s Polish-Ukrainian-Yiddish-German encounters took place produced a distinct urban dialect. A variety of south-eastern “borderland” Polish, it was subject to strong ongoing Ukrainian as well as Yiddish and German influence. Jan Fellerer analyzes its main morpho-syntactic features with reference to diverse written and recorded sources of the time. This approach represents a departure from many other studies that focus on the phonetics and inflectional morphology of Slavic dialects. Fellerer argues that contact-induced linguistic change is contingent on the historical specifics of the contact setting. The close-knit urban community of historical Lviv and its dialect provide a rich interdisciplinary case study.

Language Policy planning in a Multilingual European Context

Author : Patrick Studer
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Multilingual Europe Multilingual Europeans

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Multilingualism is a crucial if often unrecognized marker of new European identities. In this collection of essays, we observe how a plurilinguist and pluricultural political entity practices and theorizes multilingualism. We ask which types of multilingualism are defined, encouraged or discouraged at the level of official policies, but also at the level of communities. We look at speakers of hegemonic or minority languages, at travellers and long-term migrants or their children, and analyse how their conversations are represented in official documents, visual art, cinema, literature and popular culture. The volume is divided into two parts that focus respectively on “Multilingual Europe” and “Multilingual Europeans.” The first series of chapters explore the extent to which multilingualism is treated as both a challenge and an asset by the European Union, examine which factors contribute to the proliferation of languages: globalisation, the enlargement of the European Union and EU language policies. The second part of the volume concentrates on the ways in which cultural productions represent the linguistic practices of Europeans in a way that emphasizes the impossibility to separate language from culture, nationality, but also class, ethnicity or gender. The chapters suggest that each form of plurilingualism needs to be carefully analysed rather than celebrated or condemned.

Mapping Multilingualism in 19th Century European Literatures Le plurilinguisme dans les litt ratures europ ennes du XIXe si cle

Author : Olga Anokhina
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This book undertakes an investigation of European literary multilingualism in the 19th century, particularly the period from 1800 to 1880. It covers writers and works from a broad range of linguistic and geographic contexts, going from France to Russia, from Finland to Italy, and beyond. Cet ouvrage se propose d’explorer le plurilinguisme littéraire dans l’Europe du XIXe siècle, notamment durant la période allant de 1800 à 1880. Il traite d’écrivains et d’œuvres littéraires provenant de divers contextes linguistiques et géographiques, de la France à la Russie, de la Finlande à l’Italie et au-delà.

Aspects of Multilingualism in European Border Regions

Author : Andrea Abel
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Representations of Language and Multilingualism in the European Union a Grammatical Study of Discourses and Ideologies

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Aspects of Multilingualism in European Language History

Author : Kurt Braunmüller
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This volume gives an up-to-date account of various situations of language contact and multilingualism in Europe especially from a historical point of view. Its ten contributions present newly collected data from different parts of the continent seen through diverse theoretical perspectives. They show a richness of topics and data that not only reveal numerous historical and sociological facts but also afford considerable insight into possible effects multilingualism and language contact might have on language change. The collection begins its journey through Europe in the British Isles. Then it turns to northern Europe and looks at how multilingualism worked in three towns that are all marked by border and contact situations. The journey continues with linguistic-historical and political-historical visits to Sweden and to Lithuania before the reader is taken to central Europe, where we will deal with the influence of Latin on written German.As far as southern Europe is concerned, the study continues on the Iberian peninsula, where the relationship between Portuguese and Spanish is focused, to be followed by Sardinia and Malta, two islands whose unique geohistorical positions give rise to some consideration of multilingualism in the Mediterranean.

Managing Multilingualism in a European Nation state

Author : Sally Boyd
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This text analyzes recent shifts in Swedish language policy. Special focus is given to the complex relationships of the Swedish language to both English and to indigenous and immigrant minority languages in Sweden. Key issues addressed include the current debate concerning Sweden's official majority and minority languages; the position of immigrant and indigenous languages in the Swedish school system, the influence of the spread of English on the use of Swedish, particularly in writing; and the role of Swedish within the European Union. The contributions synthesize research on the status of languages currently used in Sweden as well as policy initiatives, and taken together the papers accurately present the many sides of the complex debate taking place there. While this book focuses on one country's struggle for multilingualism, the issues presented here are highly relevant and accessible to all readers interested in linguistic rights and language policy.

Multilingual Encounters in Europe s Institutional Spaces

Author : Johann W. Unger
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Multilingual encounters have been commonplace in many types of institutions, and have become an essential part of supranational institutions such as the EU since their inception. This volume explores and discusses different ways of researching the discursive dimension of these encounters, and critically examines their relevance to policy, politics and society as a whole. This includes institutions at the local, regional and supranational level. Multilingualism in institutions is currently often seen as an obstacle rather than an opportunity, at least with respect to European public and private spheres. The volume asks: - exactly how is multilingualism conceptualized and talked about in different institutions? - how do different institutions 'deal' with multilingualism, both internally and externally? - what are the policy making rules and challenges for the future for various institutions with respect to multilingualism?

Multilingual Europe

Author : Jane Warren
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As Europe continues to expand and integrate through the European Union, it faces the challenge of ever increasing multilingual and multicultural contact, within and across its borders. This volume presents recent research on European language policy, language contact and multiculturalism that explores how Europe is meeting this challenge. Inspired by intersections and conflicts in language and cultural identity in Europe, the volume transcends disciplinary boundaries by enhancing sociolinguistic research with chapters on cultural identity and language in contemporary European cinema. The book considers the relationships between language and cultural identity in Europe at a time of increasing multicultural complexity, with contributions on Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and Ukraine, and the linguistic and imaginative spaces between and beyond. The volume highlights the ongoing significance of language and identity for an expanding Europe, and the ways in which situations of linguistic hybridity, interlocution and language contact continue to define Europe and its others.

European multilingualism

Author : Claude Truchot
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Urban Multilingualism in Europe

Author : Guus Extra
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This book is the final outcome of the crossnational Multilingual Cities Project, carried out under the auspices of the European Cultural Foundation, established in Amsterdam, and coordinated by Babylon, Centre for Studies of the Multicultural Society, at Tilburg University. The book offers multidisciplinary, crossnational, and crosslinguistic perspectives on the status of immigrant minority languages at home and school in a dominant Germanic or Romance environment in six major multicultural cities across Europe. From North to South these cities are Goteborg, Hamburg, The Hague, Brussels, Lyon, and Madrid.

European language policy

Author : Rüdiger Ahrens
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Die Beiträge dieses Sammelbandes, die auf eine gleichnamige Konferenz im Juni 2002 an der Universität Würzburg zurückgehen, behandeln die Probleme der Europäischen Sprachenpolitik aus verschiedenen Perspektiven. Zum einen wird die Europäische Dimension dieser für die Europäische Union hochbrisanten Frage aus dem Blickwinkel der Europäischen Kommission und der Mitgliedsstaaten betrachtet. Zum anderen werden die regionalen Aspekte und die Funktionen der Sprache, insbesondere des Englischen, auf der kommunikativen Ebene, der bildungspolitischen, juristischen, arbeitspraktischen und sprachenpolitischen Ebene analysiert. Insbesondere werden auch neueste neurophysiologische und behavioristische Forschungsergebnisse mit Bezug auf den Spracherwerb einbezogen. Auch der frühe Fremdsprachenerwerb wird im Gegensatz zum Muttersprachenerwerb ausführlich behandelt. Den Band schließt die "Würzburger Erklärung zur Europäischen Sprachenpolitik" ab, in der sich die Experten einvernehmlich für den Ausbau der Plurilingualität in der Europäischen Union aussprechen. Den Beiträgen, die vornehmlich in der englischen, aber auch in der deutschen und französischen Sprache abgefasst sind, sind kurze Zusammenfassungen in den jeweils anderen Sprachen beigefügt, so dass den Lesern auf jeden Fall die Hauptgedanken der Beiträge nahegebracht werden.

Multilingual Interpretation of European Union Law

Author : Mattias Derlén
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At head of title: Kluwer Law International

Migration Multilingualism and Schooling in Southern Europe

Author : Sandro Caruana
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Migration, Multilingualism and Schooling in Southern Europe, edited by Sandro Caruana, Liliana Coposescu and Stefania Scaglione, deals with a highly current topic in Europe today, namely migration in Southern European countries and its impact on children in primary schooling. The volume deals with migration, both through the contribution of experts in the field, and through the results of an EU-funded project, MERIDIUM, which spanned over three years and touched on a number of topical issues. The studies included in the volume mainly take place in six countries, traditionally known for outbound rather than inbound migration, and they examine how recent waves of migration are affecting language use, linguistic attitudes and perception towards language diversity. Some of the questions addressed in the various chapters of the volume are: how has migration in Southern Europe altered the sociolinguistic profile of some regions? How do children in schools, and their parents, react to the presence of different languages and to different cultures in educational institutions? Do educational authorities, school directors and teachers feel adequately equipped to face the challenges that these demographic changes are bringing about? Is there adequate planning and are there sufficient language policies in order to provide the necessary framework which could lead to better integration of migrants in schools?