Search results for: fuel-cell-technologies-state-and-perspectives

Fuel Cell Technologies State And Perspectives

Author : Nigel Sammes
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Fuel Cells have become a potentially highly efficient sustainable source of energy and electricity for an ever-demanding power hungry world. The two main types of fuel cells ripe for commercialisation are the high temperature solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) and the low temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEM). The commercial uses of which include, but are not limited to, military, stand-by power, commercial and industrial, and remoter power. However, all aspects of the electricity market are being considered. This book has brought together a team of world-renowned experts in all aspects of fuel cell development for both SOFC and PEM in a workshop environment. The workshop held between June 6–10, 2004 was held in the capital city of the Ukraine, Kiev. The reason for the venue was that Ukraine is the third largest resource of zircon sands, a major source of material for the solid oxide fuel cell. Ukraine is looking at undertaking a very large effort in the solid oxide fuel cell arena, and hopes, one day, to be an international player in this market, and this book is an outcome from the workshop. The book focuses on the issues related to fuel cells, particularly the state-of-the-art internationally, the issues that were of particular interest for getting fuel cells fully commercialized, and advances in fuel cell materials and technology. The focus was on all types of fuel cells, but the emphasis was particularly on solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC), due to their importance to the host country. The book is an essential reference to researchers, academics and industrialists interested in up-to-date information on SOFC and PEM development.

Solid Oxide Fuels Cells Facts and Figures

Author : John T.S. Irvine
File Size : 42.71 MB
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Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) operate at high temperatures allowing more fuel flexibility and also useful heat output and so increase total efficiency, but does give some interesting engineering challenges. Solid Oxide Fuels Cells: Facts and Figures provides clear and accurate data for a selection of SOFC topics from the specific details of Ni cermet anodes, chemical expansion in materials, and the measuring and modelling of mechanical stresses, to the broader scope of the history and present design of cells, to SOFC systems and the future of SOFC. Celebrating Ulf Bossel’s work on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, and especially his running of the European Fuel Cell Forum, Solid Oxide Fuels Cells: Facts and Figures covers important topics on the way including intermediate temperature fuel cells, metal supported fuel cells and both new materials and engineering solutions to some of the challenges of getting SOFC to market. The chapters are based on the special plenary talks given by some of the most respected and talented people in the field at the 2010 European SOFC Forum in Luzern and the title for this book comes from the report produced by Ulf for the IEA “Final Report on SOFC Data, Facts and Figures”, Swiss Federal Office of Energy, Berne, 1992. The comprehensive nature of Solid Oxide Fuels Cells: Facts and Figures makes it a key resource of SOFC topics for students, lecturers, researchers and industry practitioners alike.

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells

Author : Detlef Stolten
File Size : 85.16 MB
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Authored by 40 of the most prominent and renowned international scientists from academia, industry, institutions and government, this handbook explores mature, evolving technologies for a clean, economically viable alternative to non-renewable energy. In so doing, it includes how hydrogen can be safely produced, stored, transported and utilized, while also covering such broader topics as the environmental impact, education and regulatory developments.

Innovations in Fuel Cell Technologies

Author : Robert Steinberger-Wilckens
File Size : 68.54 MB
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Fuel Cells have evolved from an exotic technology only feasible under the constraints of space flight into a product addressing the `everman' consumer, although at first, in niche markets only. The considerable level of technological readiness that has been reached today finally gives rise to hopes that fuel cells will eventually make it to larger markets within the decade leading up to the year 2020. The potential in fuel cell technologies is tremendous and their commercial success is necessary in tailoring the worldwide energy supply systems towards efficiencies and emission levels that allow a long-term stable and sustainable development for the world economy and the environment. Innovations in Fuel Cell Technologies provides a state-of-the-art review on new fields of research that have high potential and interest for the fuel cell community. The main technology problems are discussed and current gaps to market success identified. The innovations covered in the book deliver new answers to pertinent problems and/or offer new opportunities, be it in operating conditions, application area, extension of lifetime, new fuels, exciting new diagnosis or analysis methods. Key issues discussed are the prospects for miniaturising fuel cells, high-temperature polymer membrane fuel cells and their application as an on-board electricity supply in large vehicles, non-standard fuels like pure carbon and the handling of fuel impurities, degradation issues and accelerated lifetime testing, the prospects of reversing the fuel cell reactions towards producing instead of consuming hydrogen and the pitfalls in bringing a technology from demonstration to technical maturity. Innovations in Fuel Cell Technologies directs the reader's attention to the developments of tomorrow. The chapter serve as an early warning to technology developers of the rewarding prospects on the horizon as well as orientation to students and young researchers in guiding their future studies. Energy lies at the heart of modern society, and it is critical that we make informed choices of the methods by which we convert and manage energy. The RSC Energy and Environment Series is a suite of professional reference books that will provide an up-to-date and critical perspective on the various options available.

Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Author : Zongping Shao
File Size : 55.70 MB
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This book discusses recent advances in intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs), focusing on material development and design, mechanism study, reaction kinetics and practical applications. It consists of five chapters presenting different types of reactions and materials employed in electrolytes, cathodes, anodes, interconnects and sealants for IT-SOFCs. It also includes two chapters highlighting new aspects of these solid oxide fuel cells and exploring their practical applications. This insightful and useful book appeals to a wide readership in various fields, including solid oxide fuel cells, electrochemistry, membranes and ceramics. Zongping Shao is a Professor at the State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering and the College of Energy, Nanjing University of Technology, China. Moses O. Tade is a Professor at the Department of Chemical Engineering, Curtin University, Australia.

Nanostructured Materials for Next Generation Energy Storage and Conversion

Author : Fan Li
File Size : 71.29 MB
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The energy crisis and pollution have posed significant risks to the environment, transportation, and economy over the last century. Thus, green energy becomes one of the critical global technologies and the use of nanomaterials in these technologies is an important and active research area. This book series presents the progress and opportunities in green energy sustainability. Developments in nanoscaled electrocatalysts, solid oxide and proton exchange membrane fuel cells, lithium ion batteries, and photovoltaic techniques comprise the area of energy storage and conversion. Developments in carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and hydrogen (H2) storage using tunable structured materials are discussed. Design and characterization of new nanoscaled materials with controllable particle size, structure, shape, porosity and band gap to enhance next generation energy systems are also included. The technical topics covered in this series are metal organic frameworks, nanoparticles, nanocomposites, proton exchange membrane fuel cell catalysts, solid oxide fuel cell electrode design, trapping of carbon dioxide, and hydrogen gas storage.

The Economic Dynamics of Fuel Cell Technologies

Author : Arman Avadikyan
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Due to their environmental and efficiency characteristics fuel cells are promising technological solutions for many energy related applications (stationary power generation, vehicle propulsion, portable equipment). This book describes the economic dynamics of fuel cells by analyzing their diffusion perspectives as well as the strategic and organisational arrangements designed to promote their development. The costs, risks and economic stakes of fuel cell technologies require both a sustained involvement from public entities and the setting up of innovation networks with a large variety of heterogeneous actors. This context corresponds to a new space for technological competition located at the intersection between firms, networks and national/regional systems of innovation. The book presents a comprehensive analysis of this cooperation/competition phenomenon through different theoretical and empirical investigations.

TMS 2011 140th Annual Meeting and Exhibition Materials Processing and Energy Materials

Author : The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS)
File Size : 32.86 MB
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Materials science and engineering professionals from around the world gathered at the TMS 2011 Annual Meeting & Exhibition to network, present the latest research and industrial applications, and collaborate on ways to further innovation and advancement in the field. The meeting featured more than 70 symposia and some 3,000 presentations. The Supplemental TMS 2011 Proceedings collect some of the most important papers presented at the meeting, giving readers the opportunity to benefit from the latest discoveries in mineral, metals, and materials research. Topics cover everything from minerals processing and primary metals production to basic research and advanced materials applications. Moreover, you'll learn about the latest research efforts within the industry to develop sustainable, environmentally friendly products and processes.

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell

Author : Johannes Töpler
File Size : 36.28 MB
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This book introduces readers to hydrogen as an essential energy carrier for use with renewable sources of primary energy. It provides an overview of the state of the art, while also highlighting the developmental and market potential of hydrogen in the context of energy technologies; mobile, stationary and portable applications; uninterruptible power supplies and in the chemical industry. Written by experienced practitioners, the book addresses the needs of engineers, chemists and business managers, as well as graduate students and researchers.

Budget of the United States Government Analytical Perspective Fiscal Year 2014

Author : Executive Office of the President of the United States: Office of Management and Budget
File Size : 67.59 MB
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Contains analyses that are designed to highlight specified subject areas or provide other significant presentations of budget data that place the budget in perspective. This volume includes economic and accounting analyses; information on Federal receipts and collections; analyses of Federal spending; information on Federal borrowing and debt; baseline or current service estimates; and other technical presentations. This volume also contains supplemental material on a CD-ROM in the printed document with several detailed tables, including tables showing the budget by agency and account and by function, subfunction, and program.