Search results for: hate-and-bias-crime

Hate and Bias Crime

Author : Barbara Perry
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Covering everything from hate groups and extremist exploits to Black church arsons and the fall out violence from 9/11; this is an important collection that sheds much-needed light on this growing problem.

Punishing Hate

Author : Frederick M. LAWRENCE
File Size : 52.75 MB
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Bias crimes are a scourge on our society. Is there a more terrifying image in the mind's eye than that of the burning cross? Punishing Hate examines the nature of bias-motivated violence and provides a foundation for understanding bias crimes and their treatment under the U.S. legal system. In this tightly argued book, Frederick Lawrence poses the question: Should bias crimes be punished more harshly than similar crimes that are not motivated by bias? He answers strongly in the affirmative, as do a great many scholars and citizens, but he is the first to provide a solid theoretical grounding for this intuitive agreement, and a detailed model for a bias crimes statute based on the theory. The book also acts as a strong corrective to recent claims that concern about hate crimes is overblown. A former prosecutor, Lawrence argues that the enhanced punishment of bias crimes, with a substantial federal law enforcement role, is not only permitted by doctrines of criminal and constitutional law but also mandated by our societal commitment to equality. Drawing upon a wide variety of sources, from law and criminology, to sociology and social psychology, to today's news, Punishing Hate will have a lasting impact on the contentious debate over treatment of bias crimes in America.

Hate bias Crime in Iowa

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Hate Crimes

Author : James B. Jacobs
File Size : 83.49 MB
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In the early 1980s, a new category of crime appeared in the criminal law lexicon. In response to concerted advocacy-group lobbying, Congress and many state legislatures passed a wave of "hate crime" laws requiring the collection of statistics on, and enhancing the punishment for, crimes motivated by certain prejudices. This book places the evolution of the hate crime concept in socio-legal perspective. James B. Jacobs and Kimberly Potter adopt a skeptical if not critical stance, maintaining that legal definitions of hate crime are riddled with ambiguity and subjectivity. No matter how hate crime is defined, and despite an apparent media consensus to the contrary, the authors find no evidence to support the claim that the United States is experiencing a hate crime epidemic--instead, they cast doubt on whether the number of hate crimes is even increasing. The authors further assert that, while the federal effort to establish a reliable hate crime accounting system has failed, data collected for this purpose have led to widespread misinterpretation of the state of intergroup relations in this country. The book contends that hate crime as a socio-legal category represents the elaboration of an identity politics now manifesting itself in many areas of the law. But the attempt to apply the anti-discrimination paradigm to criminal law generates problems and anomalies. For one thing, members of minority groups are frequently hate crime perpetrators. Moreover, the underlying conduct prohibited by hate crime law is already subject to criminal punishment. Jacobs and Potter question whether hate crimes are worse or more serious than similar crimes attributable to other anti-social motivations. They also argue that the effort to single out hate crime for greater punishment is, in effect, an effort to punish some offenders more seriously simply because of their beliefs, opinions, or values, thus implicating the First Amendment. Advancing a provocative argument in clear and persuasive terms, Jacobs and Potter show how the recriminalization of hate crime has little (if any) value with respect to law enforcement or criminal justice. Indeed, enforcement of such laws may exacerbate intergroup tensions rather than eradicate prejudice.

Hate bias Crime Prevention Curriculum

Author : Petisia Monique Adger
File Size : 76.20 MB
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Hate Crimes

Author : Barbara Perry
File Size : 38.88 MB
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The twentieth century appeared to close much as it had opened - with sprees of violence directed against the Other. The murder of Matthew Shepard, the lynching of James Byrd, the murderous rampage of Benjamin Smith, and post-9/11 anti-Muslim violence all stand as reminders that the bigotry that kills is much more than an unfortunate chapter in U.S. history. Racial, gender, ethnic and religious violence persist. This riveting new set focused on hate crimes comes at a time when such acts are still not uncommon. The topic, then, remains relevant despite outcries for an end to such violence. It covers a wide variety of hate crimes, the consequences for both victims and perpetrators and their communities, efforts to combat hate crime, and other aspects of these ugly offenses that affect everyone. Rather than an individual crime, hate crime is, in fact, an assault against all members of stigmatized and marginalized communities. With respect to hate crime, at least, history does repeat itself as similar patterns of motivation, sentiment and victimization recur over time. Just as immigrants in the 1890s were subject to institutional and public forms of discrimination and viol

Policing Hatred

Author : Jeannine Bell
File Size : 81.1 MB
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Explores the interaction of race and law enforcement in the controversial area of hate crime. Bell includes in her work the experiences of detectives who are women, Black, Latino, and Asian American, exploring the impact of the racial identity of both the hate crime victim and the officers' handling of bias crimes.

The Measurement of Hate Crimes in America

Author : Frank S. Pezzella
File Size : 67.1 MB
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Using data from the Uniform Crime Reporting Hate Crime Statistics Program and the National Crime Victimization Survey, this brief highlights the uniqueness of hate or bias crime victimization. It compares these to non-bias crimes and delineates the situational circumstances that distinguish bias from non-bias offending. The nuances of under-reporting shed light on bias-group and victim reasons for not reporting. By examining measurement issues associated with data collection systems, this brief helps explain why eighty-nine percent of participating law enforcement agencies report zero hate crimes each year. It describes patterns and trends in reporting the volume of general bias motivations and specific bias types, as the most prevalent hate crime offense types and most likely victims and offenders. With recommendations to address issues in measurement and under-reporting, including an action plan by the Enhance the Response to Hate Crimes Advisory Committee and the International Association of Chiefs of Police, a best practice model by the Oak Creek Police Department, and other promising law enforcement reporting models, this brief provides an increasingly critical resource for law enforcement practitioners and researchers dealing with hate crimes.

Responding to Hate Crimes and Bias motivated Incidents on College University Campuses

Author :
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Responding to hate crimes and bias motivated incidents on college University campuses

Author : United States. Community Relations Service
File Size : 56.5 MB
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Gendered Hate

Author : Jessica P. Hodge
File Size : 83.83 MB
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A unique analysis of hate crime law through the lens of gender

Hate Crimes

Author : Donald Altschiller
File Size : 68.30 MB
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Offers a historical look at the targets of hate crimes in America, offers a chronology of some crimes committed against them, and includes a look at individuals who are combating violent extremist activities.

Bias Crime

Author : Office of International Criminal Justice
File Size : 29.99 MB
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Criminalizing Hate

Author : Bryce Therrien
File Size : 74.24 MB
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Hate Crimes

Author : David L. Hudson
File Size : 42.65 MB
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Presents articles both supporting and opposing issues related to hate crimes in the United States, including the ethics of penalty-enhancement laws, hate crimes and sexual orientation, and the display of nooses as a hate crime.

Hate Crimes

Author : Thomas Streissguth
File Size : 25.1 MB
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Examines the issues associated with hate crimes committed in the United States including statistics, important legislation, and bibliographical resources.

Inside the Mind of Hate

Author : Silvina Ituarte
File Size : 35.60 MB
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Violence Against Women as Bias Motivated Hate Crime

Author : Lois Copeland
File Size : 48.80 MB
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A policymaker s guide to hate crimes

Author : United States. Bureau of Justice Assistance
File Size : 80.35 MB
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Hate Crimes Violence

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary
File Size : 77.53 MB
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