Search results for: multiglossia-in-judeo-arabic

Multiglossia in Judeo Arabic

Author : Benjamin H. Hary
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This volume contains a study of multiglossia in Judeo-Arabic in addition to a critical edition, annotated translation, and a cultural and a grammatical study of The Purim Scroll of the Cairene Jewish Community, written in 1524 to commemorate the deliverance of the Jews of Cairo from Ahmad Pasha, the governor of Egypt. 'Multiglossia' is a linguistic state in which different varieties of a language exist side by side in a language community and are used under different circumstances or with various functions. 'Judeo-Arabic' has been written and spoken in various forms by Jews throughout the Arabic-speaking world. For the most part, its literature concerns Jewish topics and is written by Jewish authors for Jewish readers. Part One places the language of the Judeo-Arabic text of the Scroll within the multi-glossic history of Judeo-Arabic. It offers a possible linguistic model that accounts for the mechanisms of Arabic multiglossia and examines its historical development. Part Two introduces the two critical editions of the Scroll, both in Hebrew and Judeo-Arabic, with the variant readings followed by an annotated translation. Part Three presents a detailed grammar of the Scroll using the framework of Judeo-Arabic multiglossia. The significance and the contribution of this book lie in its interdisciplinary nature, drawing on linguistics, philology, and cultural history.

Multiglossia in Judeo Arabic

Author : Benjamin Hary
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Contains a study of multiglossia in Judeo-Arabic, in addition to a critical edition, annotated translation, and a cultural and grammatical study of The Purim Scroll of the Cairene Jewish Community, written in 1524 to commemorate their rescue from persecution.

Humanism Culture and Language in the Near East

Author : Georg Krotkoff
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Essays by 33 colleagues, friends, and students of the Johns Hopkins University Arabist and linguist. Topics include (1) humanism, culture, and literature; (2) Arabic; (3) Aramaic; and (4) Afroasiatic.

Stories of Joseph

Author : Marc S. Bernstein
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The last century has seen the demise of age-old Jewish communal life in the Arab world, and there is now a struggle to overcome a mutual lack of understanding between the West and the Arab-Muslim world. Over the course of past centuries, there was a great sharing of creative and scientific knowledge across religious lines. Stories about biblical figures held to be prophets by both Judaism and Islam are one result of this relationship and reflect an environment where not only literary genre and modes of interpretation but particular motifs could be utilized by both religious traditions. Stories of Joseph details this historical interdependence that reveals much about common experiences and concerns of Jews and Muslims. Marc S. Bernstein's rich analysis focuses on the nineteenth-century Judeo-Arabic manuscript The Story of Our Master Joseph--a Jewish text taking its form from an Islamic prototype (itself largely based on midrashic, Hellenistic, and Near Eastern material) extending back to the earliest human stories of parental favoritism, sibling rivalry, separtism from loved ones, sexual mores, and the struggles for a continued communal existence outside the homeland.

Introductory Grammar of Amharic

Author : Wolf Leslau
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This book closes the gap for beginners who want to study the Amharic language and had difficulties in finding the right grammar for this purpose: The first grammar of Amharic, the national language of Ethiopia, was published by Hiob Ludolf in 1698. The Amharic grammar published by Praetorius in 1879 is based on Amharic religious texts and on scattered material, usually composed by missionaries. A milestone in the study of Amharic is Marcel Cohen's Traite de langue amharique (1936), but this grammar, too is not completely suited for beginners since the author's generalizations are at times aimed at linguists. The grammar that comes closest to the concept of a beginner's grammar is that of C.H. Dawkin (1960), yet this grammar is extremely short, does not give examples and does not introduce the student to the intricacies of the language.The new book gives all the grammatical forms and the sentences of the present grammar in Amharic script and in phonetic transcription. The illustrative examples have a free and a literal translation. This procedure should likewise prove to be useful for the Semitist as well as for the general linguist.

Language and Culture in the Near East

Author : Shlomo Izreʿel
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Jewish Biblical Exegesis from Islamic Lands

Author : Meira Polliack
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An accessible point of entry into the rich medieval religious landscape of Jewish biblical exegesis s Medieval Judeo-Arabic translations of the Hebrew Bible and their commentaries provide a rich source for understanding a formative period in the intellectual, literary, and cultural history and heritage of Jews in Islamic lands. The carefully selected texts in this volume offer intriguing insight into Arabic translations and commentaries by Rabbanite and Karaite Jewish exegetes from the tenth to the twelfth centuries CE, arranged according to the three divisions of the Torah, the Former and Latter Prophets, and the Writings. Each text is embedded within an essay discussing its exegetical context, reception, and contribution. Features: Focus on underrepresented medieval Jewish commentators of the Eastern world A list of additional resources, including major Judeo-Arabic commentators in the medieval period Previously unpublished texts from the Cairo Geniza

Middle Arabic and Mixed Arabic

Author : Liesbeth Zack
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Drawing on the recent discussions of Middle Arabic and mixed Arabic, this book offers a comprehensive survey of the various fields of Muslim, Jewish, and Christian Arabic texts as well as the matters of mixed language and diglossia.

Languages in Jewish Communities Past and Present

Author : Benjamin Hary
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This book offers sociological and structural descriptions of language varieties used in over 2 dozen Jewish communities around the world, along with synthesizing and theoretical chapters. Language descriptions focus on historical development, contemporary use, regional and social variation, structural features, and Hebrew/Aramaic loanwords. The book covers commonly researched language varieties, like Yiddish, Judeo-Spanish, and Judeo-Arabic, as well as less commonly researched ones, like Judeo-Tat, Jewish Swedish, and Hebraized Amharic in Israel today.

Sprich doch mit deinen Knechten aram isch wir verstehen es

Author : Otto Jastrow
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Aus dem Inhalt: Schriftenverzeichnis Otto Jastrow F. Abu-Haidar, Negation in Iraqi Arabic J. Aguade, Ein marokkanischer Text zum "schlafenden Kind" A. A. Ambros, Eine statistische Exploration in der Geschichte der arabischen Lexik W. Arnold, Neue Lieder aus Ma?lu-la P. Behnstedt, M. Benabbou, Zu den arabischen Dialekten der Gegend von Ta-za (Nordmarokko) L. Bettini, Notes sur la derivation verbale dans les dialectes bedouins de la Jezireh syrienne K. Beyer, Neue Inschriften aus Hatra H. Bobzin, Theodor Noldekes Biographische Blatter aus dem Jahr 1917 F. Corriente, The Berber Adstratum of Andalusi Arabic W. Diem, Nichtsubordinatives modales ?an yaf?ala. Ein Beitrag zur Syntax der nachklassischen arabischen Schriftsprache W. Fischer, Unterordnende und nebenordnende Verbalkomposita in den neuarabischen Dialekten und im Schriftarabischen Weitere Beitrage von: S. E. Fox, A. Geva-Kleinberger, G. Goldenberg, H. Grotzfeld, M.-R. Hayoun, W. Heinrichs, C. Holes, S. Hopkins, B. Ingham, B. Isaksson/A. Lahdo, R. de Jong, O. Kapeliuk, A. S. Kaye, K. Kessler, G. Khan u.v.a.