Search results for: penalty-strike

Penalty Strike

Author : Alexander V. Pyl'cyn
File Size : 36.45 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 724
Read : 1048
Download »
Extremely rare (possibly the only) book-length account of a Soviet penal unit in World War II Gritty, intense style conveys the brutality of war on the Eastern Front Composed of convicts--soldiers who conducted "unauthorized retreats," former Soviet POWs deemed untrustworthy, and Gulag prisoners--the Red Army's penal units received the most difficult, dangerous assignments, such as breaking through the enemy's defenses. So punishing was life in these units that officers in regular formations threatened to send recalcitrant troops to penal battalions. Alexander Pyl'cyn led his penal unit through the Soviets' massive offensive in the summer of 1944, the Vistula-Oder operation into eastern Germany, and the bitter assault on Berlin in 1945. He survived the war, but 80 percent of his men did not.

China and International Human Rights

Author : Na Jiang
File Size : 75.90 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 323
Read : 723
Download »
This book is designed to introduce law students, legal actors and human rights activists, particularly participants in human rights dialogues with China, to the process and reality of a newly confident China’s participation in the international human rights system, albeit with inherent challenges. From an international and comparative perspective, one of the key findings of the author's research is that progress towards human rights depends more on judges than on legislators. Chinese legislators have enacted a series of reforms in order to better protect human rights. Unfortunately, these reforms have not led to greater adherence to China’s international human rights obligations in practice. The reforms failed because they have generally been misunderstood by Chinese judges, who often have a limited understanding of international human rights norms. Specifically, this book will examine how judicial misunderstandings have blocked reforms in one specific area, the use of severe punishments, based on international human rights theory and case studies and data analyses. This examination has several purposes. The first is to suggest that China ratify the ICCPR as the next step for its substantive progress in human rights and as a good preparation for its re-applying to be a member of the UN Human Right Council in the future. The second is to explain how judges could be better educated in international human rights norms so as to greatly reduce the use of severe punishments and better comply with China's human rights obligations. The third is to demonstrate how the international community could better engage with China in a manner that is more conducive to human rights improvements. The author's ultimate goal is to enhance dialogue on human rights in China between judges and the Chinese government, between Chinese judges and their foreign counterparts and between China's government and the international community. Another significant aim of this book is to clarify the controversial question of what obligations China should undertake before its ratification of the ICCPR and to re-examine trends in its developing human rights policy after standing down from the Council in late 2012. The tortuous progress of China’s criminal law and criminal justice reforms has confirmed that Chinese judges need further instruction on how to apply severe punishments in a manner consistent with international standards. Judges should be encouraged to exercise more discretion when sentencing so that penalties reflect the intent of relevant domestic laws as well as the international human rights standards enumerated in the ICCPR. In order to better educate and train judges, this book contains introductory chapters that examine the severe punishments currently available to Chinese judges from an international human rights perspective. To illustrate how Chinese justice currently falls short of international norms, this paper also examines several cases that are considered to be indicative of China’s progress towards greater respect for human rights and the rule of law. These cases demonstrate that China still has a long way to go to achieve its goals, at least before abolishing the death penalty, forced labor and torture.

The Encyclopaedia of Sport and Games

Author :
File Size : 59.4 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 265
Read : 712
Download »

The Encyclopaedia of Sport Games

Author : Henry Charles Howard Earl of Suffolk and Berkshire
File Size : 37.77 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 836
Read : 748
Download »

Parliamentary Debates

Author : New Zealand. Parliament
File Size : 78.66 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 338
Read : 280
Download »

Journal of the House of Representatives of the United States

Author : United States. Congress. House
File Size : 75.66 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 645
Read : 1169
Download »
Some vols. include supplemental journals of "such proceedings of the sessions, as, during the time they were depending, were ordered to be kept secret, and respecting which the injunction of secrecy was afterwards taken off by the order of the House."

J K Lasser s Your Income Tax 2011

Author : J.K. Lasser Institute
File Size : 52.91 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 337
Read : 767
Download »
America's number one bestselling and most trusted tax guide offers the best balance of thoroughness, organization, and usability For over half a century, more than 39 million Americans have turned to J.K. Lasser for easy-to-follow, expert advice and guidance on planning and filing their taxes. Written by a team of tax specialists, J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2011 includes all the outstanding features that have made this book the nation's all-time top-selling tax guide. As an added value, you can gain direct access to dozens of bonuses through jklasser.com, including links to the latest tax forms from the IRS, up-to-the-minute tax law changes, small business help, and much more. The book of choice for today's serious taxpayer Your Income Tax 2011 contains Over 2,500 easy-to-use tax planning tips and strategies Easy-to-understand coverage of the year's tax law changes Filing tips and instructions to help you prepare your 2010 return Quick reference section that highlights what's new for 2010 Quick topic index to help pinpoint the biggest money-saving deductions Advice for customers whose use software or CPAs to file their taxes Filled with expert advice and guidance, J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2011 will help you plan and file your 2010 tax return in the most efficient way possible.

Golf Illustrated

Author :
File Size : 76.35 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 716
Read : 585
Download »

Death Penalty Legislation and the Racial Justice Act

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights
File Size : 51.4 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 294
Read : 373
Download »

Textbook on Labour Industrial Law

Author : Dr. H.K. Saharay
File Size : 81.65 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 721
Read : 1109
Download »

Journal of the House of Representatives of the State of Ohio

Author : Ohio. General Assembly. House of Representatives
File Size : 39.50 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 499
Read : 936
Download »

Journal of the House of Representatives General Assembly of Ohio

Author : Ohio. General Assembly. House of Representatives
File Size : 74.53 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 251
Read : 1049
Download »

Acts of the Parliament of South Australia

Author : South Australia
File Size : 85.4 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 530
Read : 1291
Download »

The Great Ming Code

Author : Yonglin Jiang
File Size : 32.6 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 555
Read : 402
Download »
Imperial China's dynastic legal codes provide a wealth of information for historians, social scientists, and scholars of comparative law and of literary, cultural, and legal history. One of the most important law codes in Chinese history, the Ming Code regulated all the perceived major aspects of social affairs, aiming at the harmony of political, economic, military, familial, ritual, international, and legal relations in the empire and cosmic relations in the universe. Providing us with rich materials on Ming history, it is a fundamental source for understanding Chinese society and culture.

English Gilds

Author :
File Size : 39.52 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 882
Read : 971
Download »

Early English Text Society

Author :
File Size : 40.8 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 689
Read : 487
Download »

A Hand book of Politics for

Author : Edward McPherson
File Size : 35.82 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 476
Read : 805
Download »

A Handbook of Politics

Author : Edward McPherson
File Size : 25.6 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 299
Read : 560
Download »

The New South Wales Industrial Gazette

Author : New South Wales. Dept. of Labour and Industry and Social Services
File Size : 23.75 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 801
Read : 1166
Download »

Index digest analysis of Decisions Under the Interstate Commerce Commission Act

Author : United States. Interstate Commerce Commission
File Size : 34.87 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 932
Read : 1044
Download »