Search results for: rethinking-autism

Rethinking Autism

Author : Lynn Waterhouse
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There is a near hysteria over dramatic increases in autism prevalence at a time when we still don't know what causes the disorder and have no known cures. More and more money is being poured into autism research with conflicting research findings, none of which appear to be getting us closer to prevention or treatment. This book carefully examines the psychology, neuroscience, genetic, and medical research findings to date from autism research and provocatively suggests that what we've labeled "autism" is several different disorders, and the way forward for more effective research for prevention and treatment. Autism is a massive worldwide problem with increasing prevalence rates, now thought to be as high as 1 in 38 children (Korea) and 1 in 100 children (CDC- US) Autism is the 3rd most common developmental disability. 400,000 people in the US alone have autism Autism effects entire brain including communication, social behavior, reasoning and is lifelong There is no known cause and no cure Funding for Autism research quadrupled from 1995 to 2000 up to $45m, and the Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee has recommended $1billion funding from 2010-2015

Re Thinking Autism

Author : Sami Timimi
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Challenging existing approaches to autism that limit, and sometimes damage, the individuals who attract and receive the label, this book questions the lazy prejudices and assumptions that can surround autism as a diagnosis in the 21st Century. Arguing that autism can only be understood through examining 'it' as a socially or culturally produced phenomenon, the authors offer a critique of the medical model that has produced a perpetually marginalising approach to autism, and explain the contradictions and difficulties inherent in existing attitudes. They examine and dispute the scientific validity of diagnosis and 'treatment', asking whether autism actually exists at the biological level, and question the value of diagnosis in the lives of those labelled with autism. The book recognises that there are no easy answers but encourages engagement with these essential questions, and looks towards service provision and practice that moves beyond a reliance on all-encompassing labels. This unique contribution to the growing field of critical autism studies brings together authors from clinical psychiatry, clinical and community psychology, social sciences, disability studies, education and cultural studies, as well as those with personal experiences of autism. It is essential and challenging reading for anyone with a personal, professional or academic interest in 'autism'.

Linguistic Bodies

Author : Ezequiel A. Di Paolo
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A novel theoretical framework for an embodied, non-representational approach to language that extends and deepens enactive theory, bridging the gap between sensorimotor skills and language. Linguistic Bodies offers a fully embodied and fully social treatment of human language without positing mental representations. The authors present the first coherent, overarching theory that connects dynamical explanations of action and perception with language. Arguing from the assumption of a deep continuity between life and mind, they show that this continuity extends to language. Expanding and deepening enactive theory, they offer a constitutive account of language and the co-emergent phenomena of personhood, reflexivity, social normativity, and ideality. Language, they argue, is not something we add to a range of existing cognitive capacities but a new way of being embodied. Each of us is a linguistic body in a community of other linguistic bodies. The book describes three distinct yet entangled kinds of human embodiment, organic, sensorimotor, and intersubjective; it traces the emergence of linguistic sensitivities and introduces the novel concept of linguistic bodies; and it explores the implications of living as linguistic bodies in perpetual becoming, applying the concept of linguistic bodies to questions of language acquisition, parenting, autism, grammar, symbol, narrative, and gesture, and to such ethical concerns as microaggression, institutional speech, and pedagogy.

The ESSENCE of Autism and Other Neurodevelopmental Conditions

Author : Christopher Gillberg
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ESSENCE (Early Symptomatic Syndromes Eliciting Neurodevelopmental Clinical Examinations) refers to the group of neurodevelopmental disorders including autism, ADHD and tic disorders as well as conditions gaining increasing awareness such as ARFID, PANS and PANDAS. Professor of child psychiatry Christopher Gillberg describes the lifetime prognosis of ESSENCE, examining the common co-occurrence between these conditions and the symptoms they present. Whilst diagnoses are often treated in isolation, Gillberg presents these issues as an overall condition, and advises treatment and support based on a holistic approach. This book also demonstrates the need for holistic whole-person interventions and assessments to improve outcomes for people within this group.

Communication Alternatives in Autism

Author : Edlyn Vallejo Peña
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Ten autistic self-advocates share their experiences with alternative forms of communication such as rapid prompting method (RPM) and facilitated communication (FC), both highly controversial. Their narratives document the complexities that autistic individuals navigate--in both educational and community settings--when choosing to use approaches that utilize letter boards and keyboards. While the controversies remain--RPM requires further scientific study, and FC is subject to criticism about confirmation bias--these individuals share powerful stories in the context of aiming for disability rights. The book concludes with a chapter about best practices for educators, particularly for schools and colleges that have students who use these communication methods.

The Academy Letter

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Rethinking ADHD

Author : Sami Timimi
File Size : 21.84 MB
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In the past decade, there have been an increasing number of authors who have written about ADHD from a critical perspective. These critiques have ranged from questioning the existence of the disorder and the way it is currently conceptualized in mainstream medicine to the safety and efficacy of popular drug treatment regimes for ADHD. However, each of these critical authors have focused on their own particular area of interest, be this culture, genetics, the influence of drug company marketing, the effects of medication, particular treatment regimes, and so on. This book brings together a variety of critical perspectives, with each contribution dealing with a particular issue from culture to genetics and drug companies to nutrition.

Technology Autism Spectrum Disorders ASD

Author : California. Legislature. Senate. Select Committee on Autism & Related Disorders
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The Autistic Brain

Author : Temple Grandin
File Size : 57.97 MB
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Temple Grandin may be the most famous person with autism, a condition that affects 1 in 88 children. Since her birth in 1947, our understanding of it has undergone a great transformation, leading to more hope than ever before that we may finally learn the causes of and treatments for autism. Weaving her own experience with remarkable new discoveries, Grandin introduces the advances in neuroimaging and genetic research that link brain science to behavior, even sharing her own brain scan to show which anomalies might explain common symptoms. Most excitingly, she argues that raising and educating kids on the autism spectrum must focus on their long-overlooked strengths to foster their unique contributions. The Autistic Brain brings Grandin’s singular perspective into the heart of the autism revolution.

Rethinking Education

Author : Roger J. Williams
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The world's most serious problems involve people's inability to peacefully coexist with other people. The only antidote to prejudice, injustice, murder, and terrorism is to develop an understanding of the many different patterns of human life. However, western civilization and its educational systems have developed into fragmented forms, resulting in numerous unrelated disciplines that disregard an overall perspective and do not promote the solution of multifaceted problems. This book proposes the unification of all knowledge and offers ideas for educational systems that consider human problems and prepare persons to live in a complex world. The benefits of interdisciplinary education include the fostering of human understanding, the seeking of mutual efforts toward solutions for human and social problems, and prevention of war. Factors involved in establishing successful interdisciplinary education programs include: (1) positive attitudes; (2) their emphasis and use by instructors; and (3) growth in the number of interdepartmental university seminars, programs, and research efforts. Appendices include information concerning the history, role, and interdependence of humanities, the social sciences, sciences, and ethics. (JHP)

Rethinking Development

Author : Henri Bartoli
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If major prospects of progress are to be opened up for human beings, and if the struggle against multidimensional poverty is to be successfully waged throughout the world, the "current programs of action" are not sufficient; nor is a reliance on "globalization." As the United Nations Development Programme points out, globalization, which is subject to the "pitiless markets," threatens solidarity, which is the "invisible heart of human development."Rather, according to Henri Bartoli in his hard-hitting new book, a new paradigm must be defined and new strategies must be proposed. Rules, institutions and procedures must be invented which will strengthen the governance and governability of the economy at global, regional and local levels- a radical renewal of economic thinking on which all efforts to rationalize are based.Henri Bartoli is emeritus professor of economics at University of Paris I-Panthéon-Sorbonne and international vice-president of the European Society for Culture.Copublished with UNESCO

Talking with Bilingual Chinese American Immingrant Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders about Intergenerational Language Practices

Author : Betty Yu
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Developmental Psychopathology Theory and Methods

Author : Dante Cicchetti
File Size : 25.16 MB
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The first of two complementary volumes on developmental psychopathology, a new perspective on mental illness that ties mental disorder to normal development. Developmental psychopathology is sufficiently different from older views of mental dysfunction as to be growing as a separate subdiscipline of psychology/psychiatry. This volume covers the history, theory and methods of this new approach, including the contributions of several standard theoretical viewpoints (psychoanalytic, system, theory, organizational, information processing, cross-cultural, etc.); examines the relationship between developmental psychopathology and genetics, neuropsychology, epidemiology, and ethology; and looks at the implications for psychometric theory.

Rethinking Africa s globalization

Author : Paul Tiyambe Zeleza
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Offering a powerful and probing critique of the,myths, meanings, promises and perils of,globalisation, post-colonialism and other,currently popular discourses, this book challenges,misrepresentations and misappropriations of Africa,in academic texts and in the media and reaffirms,the importance of progressive nationalismPan-Africanism and internationalism for Africa's,reconstruction.

Exploring Movement Differences in Autism Through First hand Accounts

Author : Karen Ann Strandt-Conroy
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Rethinking Theories and Practices of Imaging

Author : Timothy H. Engström
File Size : 76.35 MB
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This is the first volume of its kind to analyze the impact that theories and practices of imaging have had on a variety of fields. It draws on an impressive range of philosophical approaches, from analytic, to pragmatic, to phenomenological -- concluding that imaging is developing a social and cultural impact comparable to language.

Individual Behavioral Profiles and Predictors of Treatment Effectiveness for Children with Autism

Author : Michelle Ramos Sherer
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Rethinking Materiality

Author : Elizabeth DeMarrais
File Size : 21.84 MB
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What is the relationship between mind and ideas on the one hand, and the material things of the world on the other? In recent years, researchers have rejected the old debate about the primacy of the mind or material, and have sought to establish more nuanced understandings of the ways humans interact with their material worlds. In this volume alternative approaches are presented, deriving from a wide variety of theoretical perspectives. Contributors debate the significance of key thresholds in the human past, including sedentism, domestication, and the emergence of social inequality and their impact on changing patterns of human cognition, symbolic expression, and technological innovation. In its global coverage and its broad theoretical scope, this landmark volume offers an innovative and comprehensive assessment of current thinking and future directions.

Theories of Autism

Author : Cheryl D. Seifert
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With investigative groups running independent of each other, the major goal of this book is to provide a comprehensive guide to theories of autism, including results of major studies of behavior within the context of a biological explanation of autism. Two opposing theoretical systems are compared-psychoanalytic theory and modern evolutionary theory-and the latter, a biological approach to personality theory is confirmed. By appreciating the Chapter played by heredity and the environment, this book offers a fresh and insightful understanding of autism. It reads as a thorough overview and history of the literature and thinking on the subject of autism over the past 40 years. Contents: Rethinking Theories of Autism; Defining Autism; An Evolutionary View of Personality Development; Piaget's Analysis of Intelligence; Language and Thought in Autism; Aphasias and Autism; Human-Figure Drawing as a Projection of Autistic Experience; and Theoretical Bases of Treatments. Includes illustrations.


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