Search results for: revolutionary-roots-of-modern-yiddish-1903-1917

The Revolutionary Roots of Modern Yiddish 1903 1917

Author : Barry Trachtenberg
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At the beginning of the twentieth century, Yiddish was widely viewed, even by many of its speakers, as a corrupt form of German that Jews had to abandon if they hoped to engage in serious intellectual, cultural, or political work. Yet by 1917 it was the dominant language of the Russian Jewish press, a medium for modern literary criticism, a vehicle for science and learning, and the foundation of an ideology of Jewish liberation. The Revolutionary Roots of Modern Yiddish, 1903-1917 investigates how this change in status occurred and three major figures responsible for its transformation.

The Polish Studies Newsletter

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The United States and the Nazi Holocaust

Author : Barry Trachtenberg
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The United States and the Nazi Holocaust is an invaluable synthesis of United States policies and attitudes towards the Nazi persecution of European Jewry from 1933 right up to the modern day. The book, which includes 20 illustrations, weaves together a vast body of scholarly literature to bring students of the Holocaust a balanced, readable overview of this complex and often controversial topic. It demonstrates that the United States' response to the rise of Nazism, the refugee crisis it provoked, the Holocaust itself, and its aftermath were-and remain to this day-intricately linked to the ever-shifting racial, economic, and social status of American Jewry. Using a broad chronological framework, Barry Trachtenberg navigates us through the major themes and events of this period. He discusses the complicated history of the Roosevelt administration's response to the worsening situation of European Jewry in the context of the ambiguous racial status of Jews in Depression and World War II-era America. He examines the post-war decades in America, and discusses, over a series of chapters, how the Holocaust, like American Jewry itself, came to move from the margins to the very center of American awareness. The United States and the Nazi Holocaust considers the reception of Holocaust survivors, post-war trials, film, memoirs, memorials, and the growing field of Holocaust Studies. The reactions of the United States government, the general public, and the Jewish communities of America are all accounted for in this integrated, detailed survey.

Jews and Diaspora Nationalism

Author : Simon Rabinovitch
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The question of how to preserve or reconstruct Jewish peoplehood in the modern world consumed Jewish intellectuals in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Yet, despite a rich array of writing from Jewish nationalists, liberals, and socialists about how to sustain Jewish life in the diaspora, few high-quality English translations exist and the key works have never been collected in a single volume. As a result, few people appreciate the breadth of thinking on Jewish nationalism and the nature of Jewish peoplehood before the founding of a Jewish state. This volume includes essays from a variety of intellectuals that focus on how to preserve or build Jewish peoplehood in multiethnic empires, how to redefine Jewish peoplehood during radical societal reconstruction, and how to maintain Jewish autonomy and national self-consciousness in liberal democratic states. Volume editor Simon Rabinovitch has provided a substantial introductory essay and short introductions to each document that richly contextualize the primary sources for scholars and students.

Choice

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The British National Bibliography

Author : Arthur James Wells
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The Empire s New Clothes

Author : Christine Ruane
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In 1701 Tsar Peter the Great decreed that all residents of Moscow must abandon their traditional dress and wear European fashion. Those who produced or sold Russian clothing would face ?dreadful punishment.” Peter's dress decree, part of his drive to make Russia more like Western Europe, had a profound impact on the history of Imperial Russia. This engrossing book explores the impact of Westernization on Russia in the 18th and 19th centuries and presents a wealth of photographs of ordinary Russians in all their finery. Christine Ruane draws on memoirs, mail-order catalogues, fashion magazines, and other period sources to demonstrate that Russia's adoption of Western fashion had symbolic, economic, and social ramifications and was inseparably linked to the development of capitalism, industrial production, and new forms of communication. This book shows how the fashion industry became a forum through which Russians debated and formulated a new national identity.

Books in Print 2009 2010

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The Jewish Intelligentsia and Russian Marxism

Author : Robert J. Brym
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Nicolas de Basily Diplomat of Imperial Russia 1903 1917 Memoirs

Author : Nicolas A. de Basily
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Between Tradition and Modernity

Author : David H. Weinberg
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During the late nineteenth century, Russian Jews faced the opportunity and challenge of participating in society at large. Haim Zhitlowski, Simon Dubnow, and Ahad Ha-Am (pen name of Asher Ginsberg) are leading representatives of that "transitional generation" who struggled to articulate the issues of national identity and culture as the Jewish community experienced the ideological and political process of modernization and secularization. Rejecting the pragmatic activism of the political Zionists and militant socialists who would eventually triumph over them, Ahad Ha-Am, Dubnow, and Zhitlowski attempted to reaffirm in secular form the spiritual and ethical ideas of traditional Judaism. Weinberg emphasizes their roles as secular prophets who called for the revitalization of Jewish society's fundamental values and ideals. They were influenced by the ideas and attitudes of Central and East European nationalism, whose leaders saw themselves as moral teachers and guides to spark the cultural reawakening of oppressed ethnic groups. Weinberg's lively narrative explores the history of their proposed solutions to crises of Jewish self-definition, communal authority, and survival: for Zhitlowski, through Yiddish language and culture, Jewish socialism, and Diaspora nationalism; for Dubnow, the first modern historian of the Diaspora, through an understanding of Jewish history and the autonomous communal structure of the Jews in Russia and Poland; and for Ahad Ha-Am, through "cultural Zionism," the renewal in Palestine of the Hebrew language, land, and spiritual values.

The Revolution of 1905

Author : Abraham Ascher
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Making Jews Modern

Author : Sarah Abrevaya Stein
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How the Jewish popular press in the Russian and Ottoman empires helped construct modern Jewish identities. This original and lively study yields new perspectives on the role of print culture in imagining national and transnational communities.

Encyclopaedia Judaica

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Thy Brother s Blood

Author : Malcolm Vivian Hay
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The YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe

Author : Gershon David Hundert
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"This unprecedented reference work systematically represents the history and culture of Eastern European Jews from their first settlement in the region to the present day. More than 1,800 alphabetical entries encompass a vast range of topics, including religion, folklore, politics, art, music, theater, language and literature, places, organizations, intellectual movements, and important figures. The two-volume set also features more than 1,000 illustrations and 55 maps. With original and up-to-date contributions from an international team of 450 distinguished scholars, the Encyclopedia covers the region between Germany and the Ural Mountains, from which more than 2.5 million Jews emigrated to the United States between 1870 and 1920. Even today the majority of Jewish immigrants to North America arrive from Eastern Europe. Engaging, wide-ranging, and authoritative, this work is a rich and essential reference for readers with interests in Jewish studies and Eastern European history and culture."--Publisher's website.

The Great Transition

Author : Glenda Abramson
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Although there are a number of views concerning its origins, modern Hebrew literature could be defined as being just two hundred years old. A convenient starting point might be the publication of the first letter of N. M. Wessely's divre shalom veemet in 1782, or the first issue of the periodical amneasef, which appeared a year later. During the following two centuries, considerable literature in Hebrew arose in many different places. The emphasis in this volume, composed of papers by distinguished scholars, is on the transition from the great centers of Hebrew creativity in eastern Europe-which fell into decline and disappeared in the terrible events between the years 1881 and 1945-to the new center in Palestine.

Historical Abstracts

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The New International Year Book

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America History and Life

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Article abstracts and citations of reviews and dissertations covering the United States and Canada.