Search results for: the-engineering-of-human-joint-replacements

The Engineering of Human Joint Replacements

Author : J. A. McGeough
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Since the major pioneering of joint replacement surgery more than fifty years ago, much research and progress has been made in the field of arthroplasty with new insights into better materials, types of cement and bone-cell compatible coatings, and a better understanding of the causes of implant failure. With an increasingly ageing population the requirement for arthroplastic surgery is manifest; over 800,000 hips worldwide are replaced each year, and replacement surgery is performed for almost every joint of the body. The Engineering of Human Joint Replacements covers the design, engineering, production and manufacture of human joint replacements, as well as associated engineering concerns such as surface coatings, orthopedic bone cement, the causes and effects of wear and tear, and rapid prototyping for clinical evaluation. Materials evaluation and selection is discussed, as well as production processes and insertion methods. The author provides an overview of skeletal anatomy and the effects of pain and deterioration in order to put the engineering principles into a medical context. Examples of joint replacements for the most common regions of the body are included, and aspects of clinical studies of these cases are discussed. Key Features: • Provides an overview of the engineering materials and processes involved in the manufacture of human joint replacements • Sets the scene for engineers and clinicians embarking on research into joint replacements • Includes clinical and industrial examples and points the way to future developments • Provides information on medical device companies with an engineering guide to the requirements for joint replacement The Engineering of Human Joint Replacements bridges the divide between engineering and orthopaedic surgery, offering an introductory text to young engineers entering the field, as well as a reference for medical staff who will benefit from an understanding of the materials and methods used in their design, engineering and manufacture.

Principles of Human Joint Replacement

Author : Frederick F. Buechel
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This book is written for the users and designers of joint replacements. In its second extended edition it conveys to the reader the knowledge accumulated by the authors during their forty year effort on the development of replacement devices for the lower limb for the purpose of aiding the reader in their design and evaluation of joint replacement devices. The early chapters describe the engineering, scientific and medical principles needed for replacement joint evaluation. One must understand the nature and performance of the materials involved and their characteristics in vivo, i.e. the response of the body to implant materials. It is also essential to understand the response of the implants to applied loading and motion, particularly in the hostile physiological environment. A chapter describes the design methodology now required for joint replacement in the USA and EU countries. The remaining chapters provide a history of joint replacement, an evaluation of earlier and current devices and sample case histories of some of the authors’ devices. The present second edition includes various additional case reports as well as a new chapter devoted to the shoulder. Drs. Buechel, an orthopaedic surgeon, and Pappas, a professor of Mechanical Engineering, are the designers of several successful joint replacement systems. The most well-known of these is the pioneering LCS knee replacement.

Principles of Human Joint Replacement

Author : Frederick F. Buechel
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Drs. Buechel, an orthopaedic surgeon, and Pappas, a professor of Mechanical Engineering, are the designers of several successful joint replacement systems. The most well-known of these is the pioneering LCS knee replacement. They have written this book for the users and designers of joint replacements. It is an attempt to convey to the reader the knowledge accumulated by the authors during their thirty five year effort on the development of replacement devices for the lower limb for the purpose of aiding the reader in their design and evaluation of joint replacement devices. The early chapters describe the engineering, scientific and medical principles needed for replacement joint evaluation. One must understand the nature and performance of the materials involved and their characteristics in vivo, i.e. the response of the body to implant materials. It is also essential to understand the response of the implants to applied loading and motion, particularly in the hostile physiological environment. A chapter describes the design methodology now required for joint replacement in the USA and EU countries. The remaining chapters provide a history of joint replacement, an evaluation of earlier and current devices and description of the design rationale for some of the authors devices with which the authors are, of course, quite familiar.

Introduction to the Biomechanics of Joints and Joint Replacement

Author : Duncan Dowson
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This text provides the basis of information on the biomechanics of joints and joint replacement for those engineers who are increasingly called upon to co-operate with the medical profession, as well as medical personnel.

Engineering Cornell Quarterly

Author :
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Mechanical Engineering

Author :
File Size : 65.38 MB
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Selection of Engineering Materials

Author : Gladius Lewis
File Size : 73.97 MB
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Concise data on the nature properties and relative merits of a wide spectrum of currently available materials including mechanical aspects of design, enviromental degradation of materials, manufacturing processes, quality control, salvaging and recycling of materials. Section 1 offers 30 case studies; section 2 presents 58 questions and suggested answers; section 3 views a range of engineering materials.

Joint Replacement in the Upper Limb

Author : Institution of Mechanical Engineers (Great Britain). Medical Engineering Section
File Size : 86.55 MB
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Biomedical Engineering

Author :
File Size : 22.86 MB
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Lubrication and Wear in Living and Artificial Human Joints

Author :
File Size : 29.14 MB
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International Conference on Simulation 98

Author :
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The 68 papers in this volume are the proceedings of the International Conference on Simulation.

Medical Device Materials

Author : Sanjay Shrivastava
File Size : 79.8 MB
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1995 IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology

Author : IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference
File Size : 89.9 MB
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Unicompartmental Arthroplasty with the Oxford Knee

Author : John Goodfellow
File Size : 21.41 MB
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This book, traces the 30 year development by surgeons and engineers in Oxford of a unique method of unicompartmental replacement with the 'Oxford Knee' prosthesis. The challenge to the surgeon is to replace the damaged surfaces of the arthritic joint so effectively that the soft tissues of thewhole joint and the surfaces of the other compartments can resume all their physiological functions, a more difficult task than total knee replacement confronts. As a user's guide, the book allows the surgeon to gain a good understanding of the biomechanics of the normal knee, of the pathologicalanatomy of unicompartmental arthritis and the rationale of the design of instruments and implants. The outcome of the operation depends greatly on choice of the right patient and exact implantation of the prosthesis, subjects that are dealt with exhaustively. The reader can use this book as anadjunct to the implant specific instructional courses available. The book also provides long-term data on wear and revision rates for the Oxford Knee and covers common questions asked and the problems confronted by users. The book is accompanied by a DVD with animations of mathematical models of theintact and replaced knee, as well as full video footage of a knee replacement operation.

Surgery of the Musculoskeletal System

Author : C. McCollister Evarts
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Engineering

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Design of Artificial Human Joints Organs

Author : Subrata Pal
File Size : 42.91 MB
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​Design of Artificial Human Joints & Organs is intended to present the basics of the normal systems and how, due to aging, diseases or trauma, body parts may need to be replaced with manmade materials. The movement of the body generates forces in various work situations and also internally at various joints, muscles and ligaments. It is essential to figure out the forces, moments, pressure etc to design replacements that manage these stresses without breaking down. The mechanical characterization of the hard and the soft tissues are presented systematically using the principles of solid mechanics. The viscoelastic properties of the tissue will also discussed. This text covers the design science and methodology from concept to blueprint to the final component being replaced. Each chapter will be a brief overview of various joint/organ replacement systems. Engineers working on artificial joints and organs, as well as students of Mechanical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering are the main intended audience, however, the pedagogy is simple enough for those who are learning the subject for the first time.

Total Hip Replacement

Author : Malcolm I. V. Jayson
File Size : 24.19 MB
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Surgery of the Hand and Upper Extremity

Author : Clayton Austin Peimer
File Size : 31.21 MB
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Flexible Implant Resection Arthroplasty in the Hand and Extremities

Author : Alfred B. Swanson
File Size : 45.2 MB
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