Search results for: the-europeanization-of-workplace-pensions

The Europeanization of Workplace Pensions

Author : Alexandra Hennessy
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This book uses a multi-method approach to analyze the informal signaling processes that brought about the Europeanization of workplace pensions.

Economic Interests Domestic Constraints and the Creation of a European Single Pension Market

Author : Alexandra Hennessy
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Abstract: In light of aging populations, stretched social security budgets, and growing non-wage labor costs, workplace pensions play a mounting role in securing an adequate retirement income for Europe's citizens. The design of workplace pension policies, however, is no longer a strictly national affair. Although national governments still determine the weight they assign to public, corporate, and private sources of pension provision, European Union (EU) pension directives are increasingly permeating national welfare-finance regulations. Since occupational welfare differs radically across member states in terms of normative foundations, financial design, and levels of social protection, the EU's legislative activity in the pension sector poses a puzzle. This dissertation explores when, why, and how the European member states can agree on change in a policy area where each state still has considerable power, but differences in values and structure. Employing statistical analysis, formal modeling, and case study research, this dissertation yields four main results. One, the timing of recent pension reforms in Europe cannot be explained by a process of policy diffusion, but by independent government reactions to the "common shocks" of demographic aging (the domestic factor) and European Monetary Union (the international factor). Two, member states need to send credible--and therefore costly--signals to get their preferences implemented in EU directives. A reform-oriented pension policy discourse, which generates domestic opposition, serves as a costly signal to other member states. A status-quo oriented policy discourse, by contrast, indicates "cheap talk" and is therefore not credible. Three, the EU Commission is more likely to command a consensus among the member states when it uses its agenda setting tools effectively, such as holding educational sessions in the Council and limiting the range of policy choices. Four, variation in member states' support of EU pension policies depends on the extent to which these policies are congruent with national social and financial policies. These findings contribute to the Europeanization literature by demonstrating that the process of negotiating pension directives is more complex than the simple bottom-up projection of preferences or top-down imposition of directives, since the two are intimately intertwined.

Pensions Imperilled

Author : Craig Berry
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Private pensions provision in the UK is in crisis. Through a political economy perspective, this book explores how financial security in retirement has been endangered through the response of policy-makers to wider social and economic change, making a unique contribution to our understanding of financialization, neoliberalism, and the welfare state

Social Policy in the European Union

Author : Karen M. Anderson
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A sophisticated and accessible introduction to European Union social policy which takes full account of its relationship to the social policies of member states. It combines broad-ranging coverage of policy areas with a clear assessment of the policy process and of relevant theories.

The European Union beyond the Crisis

Author : Boyka M. Stefanova
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This book provides a post-crisis perspective on European politics by studying interactions within and among related domestic and EU political spheres. The contributors focus on political dynamics associated with the policy decisions and outcomes of crisis response in all three domains: EU institutions, public policy, and democratic politics.

Social Security Pension Reform in Europe

Author : Martin Feldstein
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Social Security in the United States and in Europe is at a critical juncture. Through the essays assembled in Social Security Pension Reform in Europe, Martin Feldstein and Horst Siebert, along with a number of distinguished contributors, discuss the challenges facing Social Security reform in the aging societies of Europe. A remarkable range of European nations—Germany, France, Finland, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Italy, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and Hungary—have implemented or are about to implement mixed Social Security systems that combine a traditional defined benefit of the pay-as-you-go system with an individual retirement account defined contribution of a capital-funded system. The essays here highlight the problems that the European pension reform process faces and how it differs from that of the United States. This timely volume will significantly enrich the debate on pension reform worldwide.

Europeanization in the Twentieth Century

Author : M. Conway
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Europeanization is a term at the centre of contemporary political debate. In this innovative study, a team of British and German historians present the findings of their research project into how the concept and content of Europeanization needs to be understood as a historical phenomenon, which has changed its meaning during the twentieth century.

Transnational European and National Labour Relations

Author : Gerald G. Sander
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This book employs an innovative approach to explore the topic of flexicurity and related changes in the working world, the importance of which for the overall economic and social development is gradually being recognised. It focuses on the changing nature of work and its impact on EU law and national labour and social security laws. Though the transformation of regulatory and institutional frameworks of labour relations follows different patterns in different EU Member States, it is nevertheless a common phenomenon that offers an excellent opportunity for mutual learning experiences and comparing notes on best practices. Taking these ideas as a starting point, the book presents a collection of research on various aspects and implications of changing labour relations in the EU Member States. The opening chapters address the internal market dimension of the transformation of employment relations by investigating how social dumping, integration of migrant workers, and cross-border mergers influence national labour policies and laws. The book further analyses linguistic and terminological challenges in the field of labour law in the EU’s multi-lingual legal environment. Subsequent chapters cover various theoretical and practical issues, such as the impact of chain-liability regulatory models on the legal situation of workers in subcontracting networks, and modern work arrangements in the collaborative or ‘gig’ economy. Other chapters are dedicated to issues of jurisdiction and law applicable to individual employment contracts, as well as alternative resolution mechanisms in labour disputes. The next section offers fresh insights on and a critical overview of the well-known Danish and Dutch models of flexicurity, often cited as role models for reforms of labour markets in other EU Member States. Three individual chapters investigate specific aspects of flexicurity in Croatia, in terms of individual dismissals, life-long learning and the impact of non-standard employment on future pension entitlements. One paper explores temporary agency work in Germany as an important instrument of flexicurity, while another discusses various forms of work used in Slovenia in the context of flexibilization of work relations. Many challenges still lie ahead, and the primary aim of this book is to provide a solid basis for informed future discussions.

The Euro at Ten

Author : Kenneth Dyson
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On 1st January 2009 the Euro Area is ten years old. This book examines the effects of the euro as the new European single currency on the member states of the European Union in its first decade. In particular, it places the euro in its wider global, European and domestic contexts; explores its effects on a representative sample of EU member states, including those in the old D-Mark 'Zone', Mediterranean, 'Anglo-Saxon', Nordic and east central Europe and theBaltic; and offers a comparative overview of its effects on financial markets regulation and supervision, wages and collective bargaining, and welfare reform. Grounded in political science, it focuses on questions about Europeanization of member states, power, and convergence/divergence.

Democratization Europeanization and Globalization Trends

Author : Russell Francis Farnen
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Scholars from eight countries describe in this interdisciplinary and internationally oriented book trends in Democratization, Europeanization, and Globalization. The subjects covered include authoritarianism, political socialization and education as well as communications, youth, and social policy matters. Political system level development are described in Poland, Russia, Germany, Israel, and Palestine. Childhood and youth policies issues include cultural genocide in Australia, democratic childrearing, and children's rights. Tolerance building, multiple identity formation, and electronic media are aspects of political socialization and education. Authoritarianism impacts education, voting patterns, and the new anti-Semitism. Topics under Europeanization include website use, press reporting, national versus European identity, US-EU relations, and framing the Euro.

Construction Labor Report

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Basics on European Social Law

Author : Christina Hießl
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European Social Law at a glance The present book sets out – in a concise manner – the social law of the European Union. Apart from core areas of European labour law, the regulation of which is based on the EU’s competence in social policy, it covers notably the numerous rights based one the free movement of workers and other EU citizens, as well as the coordination of social security. Beyond that, the book refers to other fields of EU regulation which are prone to cause conflicts between the member states’ national social law and the relevant EU norms, which remain challenging to resolve to this day. Extensive reference is made to the case law of the European Court of Justice, which continues to have a paramount role in shaping the social law of the EU as it stands. The book is primarily aimed at students confronted with European social law for the first time. Besides, it should constitute a well-structured source of reference for law practitioners in the rising number of cases where EU law is of relevance for national legal practice.

Daily Labor Report

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New Lithuania in Old Hands

Author : Ida Harboe Knudsen
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Based on detailed ethnographic material, “New Lithuania in Old Hands” analyzes the impact that European Union accession has had upon the country’s aging smallscale farmers, and describes how the reality of Lithuania’s EU membership has been a far cry from the scenarios of wealth and overabundance once promised. The text reveals that, in many instances, membership has resulted in a return to subsistence production, increased insecurity and a reinforcement of kinship obligations. Thus instead of treating the European Union as an elite project and voicing the support of various other segments of the population, this volume shows how broad parts of the rural population have been affected by and engaged in processes of change following Lithuania’s accession – changes that threaten to have a large impact upon the future of the country’s family structures and its farming demographic.

Spain and Portugal in the European Union

Author : Paul Christopher Manuel
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This publication provides an up-to-date assessment of the political and economic issues and is valuable reading for anyone wishing to understand contemporary Spain and Portugal. Following decades of relative isolation under authoritarian regimes, the success of the processes of democratic transition in both countries paved the way for full membership in the European Community in 1986. Drawing on research by established scholars, Spain and Portugal in the European Union offers an original series of analyses of the development of Iberian politics, sociology and economics since the accession to the European Union.

Gender and the Economic Crisis in Europe

Author : Johanna Kantola
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This book is a unique exploration into the gendered politics of the economic crisis in Europe. It focuses, firstly, on the changes in the political and economic decision-making institutions and processes of the EU and their consequences for gender equality policy. Secondly, the book analyses the gendered impacts of austerity politics on member states’ gender equality policies, institutions, regimes, and debates. Finally, it addresses feminist and intersectional struggles and resistances against neoliberal, conservative and racist politics across Europe. The authors consider the gendered politics of the economic crisis from a variety of feminist approaches, shedding new light on the concept of the crisis and on questions of politics, institutions and intersectionality. The case studies included refer to different parts of Europe, from North to South and from East to West, capturing the multifaceted gendered impacts of the crisis. The volume will be of interest to students and scholars of politics, international relations, gender studies, economics, law, sociology, social policy, and European studies.

Constraining Democratic Governance in Southern Europe

Author : José M. Magone
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In this thought-provoking book, José M. Magone investigates the growing political, economic and social divisions between the core countries of the European Union and the southern European periphery. He examines the major hindrances that are preventing the four main southern European countries (Italy, Spain, Portugal and Greece) from keeping up with the increasing pace of European integration, and the effects that this is having on democratic governance.

Human Resource Management for the Hospitality and Tourism Industries

Author : Dennis Nickson
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Human Resource Management for the Hospitality and Tourism Industries takes an integrated look at HRM policies and practices in the tourism and hospitality industries. Utilising existing human resource management (HRM) theory and practice, it contextualises it to the tourism and hospitality industries by looking at the specific employment practices of these industries, such as how to manage tour reps or working in the airline industry. It initially sets the scene with a broad review of the evidence of HRM practice within the tourism and hospitality industries. Having identified the broader picture, the text then begin to focus much more explicitly on a variety of HR policies and practices such as: • recruitment and selection: the effects of ICT, skills required specific for the industry and the nature of advertising • legislation and equal opportunities: illegal discrimination and managing diversity • staff health and welfare: violence in the workplace, working time directives, smoking and alcohol and drug misuse • remuneration strategies in the industry: the ‘cafeteria award’ approach, minimum wage and tipping Human Resource Management for the Hospitality and Tourism Industries is illustrated throughout with both examples of best practice for prescriptive teaching and discussion, and international case studies to exercise problem solving techniques and contextualise learning. It incorporates a user friendly layout and includes pedagogic features such as: chapter outlines and objectives, HRM in practice – boxed examples, reflective review questions, web links’ discussion questions and further reading. Accompanying the text are online supplementary lecturer materials including downloadable figures from the book, PowerPoint slides, further cases and extra exercises and points for discussion.

Being and Becoming European in Poland

Author : Marysia H. Galbraith
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Overthrowing communism in 1989 and joining the European Union in 2004, the Polish people hold loyalties to region, country and now continent – even as the definition of what it means to be ‘European’ remains unclear. Paying particular attention to those who came of age in the earliest years of the neoliberal and democratic transformations, this book uses the life-story narratives of rural and urban southern Poles to reveal how ‘being European’ is considered a fundamental component of ‘being Polish’ while participants are simultaneously ‘becoming European’. Ultimately, this study demonstrates how the EU is regarded as both an idea and an instrument, and how ordinary citizens make choices that influence the shape of European identity and the legitimacy of its institutions.

Rethinking Europe

Author : Gerard Delanty
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Dominant approaches to the transformation of Europe ignore contemporary social theory interpretations of the nature and dynamics of social change. Here, Delanty and Rumford argue that we need a theory of society in order to understand Europeanization. This book advances the case that Europeanization should be theorized in terms of: globalization major social transformations that are not exclusively spear-headed by the EU the wider context of the transformation of modernity. This fascinating book broadens the terms of the debate on Europeanization, conventionally limited to the supersession of the nation-state by a supra-national authority and the changes within member states consequent upon EU membership. Demonstrating the relevance of social theory to contemporary issues and with a focus on European transformation rather than simplistic notions of Europe-building, this truly multidisciplinary volume will appeal to readers from a range of social science disciplines, including sociology, geography, political science and European studies.