Search results for: the-liberation-of-the-camps

The Liberation of the Camps

Author : Dan Stone
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Seventy years have passed since the tortured inmates of Hitler’s concentration and extermination camps were liberated. When the horror of the atrocities came fully to light, it was easy for others to imagine the joyful relief of freed prisoners. Yet for those who had survived the unimaginable, the experience of liberation was a slow, grueling journey back to life. In this unprecedented inquiry into the days, months, and years following the arrival of Allied forces at the Nazi camps, a foremost historian of the Holocaust draws on archival sources and especially on eyewitness testimonies to reveal the complex challenges liberated victims faced and the daunting tasks their liberators undertook to help them reclaim their shattered lives. Historian Dan Stone focuses on the survivors—their feelings of guilt, exhaustion, fear, shame for having survived, and devastating grief for lost family members; their immense medical problems; and their later demands to be released from Displaced Persons camps and resettled in countries of their own choosing. Stone also tracks the efforts of British, American, Canadian, and Russian liberators as they contended with survivors’ immediate needs, then grappled with longer-term issues that shaped the postwar world and ushered in the first chill of the Cold War years ahead.


Author : Joanne Reilly
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The military and medical liberation and British government and British population response to the disclosure of what occurred at Belsen.

The End of the Holocaust

Author : Jon Bridgman
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Pp. 17-31 describe the liberation of the eastern camps (mainly Majdanek and Auschwitz) by the Soviet army. Pp. 33-102 give details on the liberation of five other camps - Bergen-Belsen, Dachau, Buchenwald, Mauthausen, and Theresienstadt. Discusses policies of Nazi leaders and camp commandants between July 1944-May 1945 in view of the advancing Allied forces, the circumstances of the liberation of each camp, and their effect on American and European perceptions of the war. Pp. 121-136 contain three accounts, by survivors, of their liberation: Clara Greenbaum (Bergen-Belsen), Simon Wiesenthal (Mauthausen), and Elie Wiesel (Buchenwald).

The Liberation of the Nazi Concentration Camps 1945

Author : Brewster S. Chamberlin
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Eyewitness accounts and testimonies given at the First International Liberators Conference held in Washington, D.C. in Oct. 1981.

The Liberation of the Camps by Soviets British and French 1944 1945

Author : Severin Hochberg
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Holocaust in History and Memory

Author : Rainer Schulze
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Inside the Vicious Heart

Author : Robert H. Abzug
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An account of the liberation of Nazi concentration camps

Distance from the Belsen Heap

Author : Mark Celinscak
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Distance from the Belsen Heap examines the experiences of hundreds of British and Canadian eyewitnesses to atrocity, including war artists, photographers, medical personnel, and chaplains.

In Evidence

Author : Barbara Helfgott Hyett
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A collection of poems based upon the eyewitness reports of United States soldiers who liberated Nazi concentration camps in 1945.

After Daybreak

Author : Ben Shephard
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'The things I saw completely defy description': when British troops entered Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in April 1945, they uncovered scenes of horror and depravity that shocked the world. But they also confronted a terrible challenge - inside the camp were some 60,000 people, suffering from typhus, starvation and dysentery, who would die unless they received immediate medical attention. After Daybreak is the story of the men and women who faced that challenge - the army stretcher-bearers and ambulance drivers, medical students and relief workers who worked to save the inmates of Belsen - with the war still raging and only the most primitive drugs and facilities available. It was, for all of them, an overwhelming experience. Drawing on their diaries and letters, Ben Shephard reconstructs events at Belsen in the spring of 1945 - from the first horror of its discovery, through the agonising process of trying to save the survivors, to the point where Belsen became 'more like a Butlin's Holiday camp than a concentration one'. By the end of June 1945, some 46,000 people had survived at Belsen; but another 14,000 had been lost. Should we therefore see the relief of the camp as an epic of medical heroism - as the British believed? Or was the failure to plan for Belsen and the undoubted mistakes that were made there further evidence of Allied indifference to the fate of Europe's Jews - as some historians now argue? After Daybreak is a powerful and dramatic narrative, full of extraordinary incidents and characters. It is also an important contribution to medical history.

Concentration Camps A Very Short Introduction

Author : Dan Stone
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Concentration camps are a relatively new invention, a recurring feature of twentieth century warfare, and one that is important to the modern global consciousness and identity. Although the most famous concentration camps are those under the Nazis, the use of concentration camps originated several decades before the Third Reich, in the Philippines and in the Boer War, and they have been used again in numerous locations, not least during the genocides in Bosnia and Rwanda. Over the course of the twentieth century they have become defining symbols of humankind's lowest point and basest acts. In this Very Short Introduction, Dan Stone gives a global history of concentration camps, and shows that it is not only "mad dictators" who have set up camps, but instead all varieties of states, including liberal democracies, that have made use of them. Setting concentration camps against the longer history of incarceration, he explains how the ability of the modern state to control populations led to the creation of this extreme institution. Looking at their emergence and spread around the world, Stone argues that concentration camps serve the purpose, from the point of view of the state in crisis, of removing a section of the population that is perceived to be threatening, traitorous, or diseased. Drawing on contemporary accounts of camps, as well as the philosophical literature surrounding them, Stone considers the story camps tell us about the nature of the modern world as well as about specific regimes. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Author : Maurice Goldstein
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Dachau Liberated

Author : Michael Wiley Perry
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Chilling details from the American Seventh Army report about the liberation of prisoners from Dachau's death camps, with diary entries and eyewitness accounts.


Author : E. Tina Tito
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Tells the story, in their own words, of two survivors of World War II concentration camps, and two American soldiers who helped liberate the camps.

Remembering Belsen

Author : Ben Flanagan
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Bergen-Belsen was the only major Nazi concentration camp to be liberated on the British front, some three weeks before the end of the war in Europe in 1945. This book contains accounts which should ensure that the horrors of the camp are on the record for posterity and cannot be denied or excused. ... Although Soviet forces discovered Majdanek, Auschwitz and other camps on their front in 1944/45, the significance of these sites did not register in the West until much later. It was the atrocities perpetrated at Belsen and Buchenwald, therefore, that became headline news in the Western press in April 1945. The eyewitness reports and testimonies are as profoundly shocking today as they were then; they are gathered in this volume so that they will not be forgotten.

Tracing Topographies Revisiting the Concentration Camps Seventy Years after the Liberation of Auschwitz

Author : Joanne Pettitt
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Seventy years on from the liberation of Auschwitz, the contributions collected in this volume each attempt, in various ways and from various perspectives, to trace the relationship between Nazi-occupied spaces and Holocaust memory, considering the multitude of ways in which the passing of time impacts upon, or shapes, cultural constructions of space. Accordingly, this volume does not consider topographies merely in relation to geographical landscapes but, rather, as markers of allusions and connotations that must be properly eked out. Since space and time are intertwined, if not, in fact, one and the same, an investigation of the spaces – the locations of horror – in relation to the passing of time might provide some manner of comprehension of one of the most troubling moments in human history. It is with this understanding of space, as fluid sites of memory that the contributors of this volume engage: these are the kind of shifting topographies that we are seeking to trace. This book was originally published as a special issue of Holocaust Studies: A Journal of Culture and History.

The Liberation of the Camps Facts Vs Lies

Author : Theodore J. O'Keefe
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The liberation of the Nazi concentration camps in British memory

Author : Aimee Catherine Bunting
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Filming the End of the Holocaust

Author : John J. Michalczyk
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This book is open access and available on It is funded by Knowledge Unlatched. Filming the End of the Holocaust considers how the US Government commissioned the US Signal Corps and other filmmakers to document the horrors of the concentration camps during the April-May 1945 liberation. The evidence of the Nazis' genocidal actions amassed in these films, some of them made by Hollywood luminaries such as John Ford and Billy Wilder, would go on to have a major impact at the Nuremberg Trials; they helped to indict Nazi officials as the judges witnessed scenes of torture, human experimentation and extermination of Jews and non-Jews in the gas chambers and crematoria. These films, some produced by the Soviets, were integral to the war crime trials that followed the Holocaust and the Second World War, and this book provides a thorough, close analysis of the footage in these films and their historical significance. Using research carried out at the Museum of Jewish Heritage, the US National Archives and the film collection at the National Center for Jewish Film at Brandeis University, this book explores the rationale for filming the atrocities and their use in the subsequent trials of Nazi officials in greater detail than anything previously published. Including an extensive bibliography and filmography, Filming the End of the Holocaust is an important text for scholars and students of the Holocaust and its aftermath.

Liberating Belsen Concentration Camp

Author : (former) Lt- Berney R.A. T.D.
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Liberating Belsen Concentration Camp - A Personal Account by (former) Lt-Colonel Leonard Berney R.A. T.D. is the only book to be published that recounts the events that led up to the British Army's uncovering of the Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp in 1945 and its 60,000 prisoners, how the Army dealt with the unprecedented horror that existed in the camp, how the surviving prisoners were rescued, how the inmates were evacuated, how the Royal Army Medical Corps established the world's largest hospital to care for the many thousands of sick and emaciated ex-inmates, how the survivors were rehabilitated and cared for, how they were repatriated to their own countries, why many thousand refused to return 'home' and the eventual establishment of the Belsen Displaced Persons camp, the largest DP camp in Germany. The author of this book was a senior British Army officer who participated in the liberation of the Camp, who was in charge of evacuating the ex-prisoners to the vast Rehabilitation Camp that the Army set up, and who was then appointed as the Commandant of that Camp until its management was handed over to the United Nations, and who gave evidence against the SS guards at the Belsen War Crimes Trial. Leonard Berney is interviewed in 'Night Will Fall', a documentary about the liberation of Nazi Concentration Camps. The DVD of the documentary is the perfect accompaniment to this book, available here: http: // Foreword by Nanette Blitz Konig, former classmate of Anne Frank; Foreword by Major-General Nicholas Eeles CBE, General Officer Commanding Scotland and Chairman of the Royal Artillery Historical Trust; and Introduction by Joshua Oppenhemer, Oscar nominated film director whose work include 'The Act of Killing' and 'The Look of Silence', both of which document the genocide that took place during the Indonesian killings of 1965-66,