Search results for: the-psychology-of-physical-symptoms

The Psychology of Physical Symptoms

Author : J.W. Pennebaker
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Physical symptoms are fascinating phenomena to examine. We all experience them, use them as signals to guide our behavior, and usually assume that they accurately represent underlying physiological activity. At the same time, we implicitly know that bodily sensations are often vague, ambiguous, and subject to a variety of interpretations. It is not surprising, then, that there is often a disparity between what we think is going on in our bodies and what is objectively occurring. In short, phenomena such as physical symptoms are the stuff of psychology. My own research into physical symptoms started by accident several years ago. In a hastily devised experiment dealing with the effects of noise on behavior, I had to write a post-experimental questionnaire that would be long enough to allow the experimenter time to calibrate some equipment for a later portion of the study. I included some physical symptoms on the questionnaire as fillers. The experiment was a total failure, with the exception of the symptom reports. People's perceptions of symptoms were easily influenced by our manipulations, even though their actual physiological state had not changed. And so began the present inquiry. Despite the pervasiveness, importance, and sheer amount of time and money devoted to discussing and curing common physical symptoms and sensations, very little empirical work has been devoted to examining the psychological and perceptual factors related to sensory experience. Occa sional papers have tested a specific theory, such as cognitive dissonance, wherein physical symptoms served as an interesting dependent measure.

The Psychology of Physical Symptoms

Author : James W. Pennebaker
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Unmasking Psychological Symptoms

Author : Barbara Schildkrout
File Size : 77.79 MB
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A clear and systematic guide for identifying psychological symptoms that may be masking a medical disorder How can a clinician tell if a patient might have an underlying, discrete medical condition that may be causing or complicating a presenting problem? And how might this be brought to light during an interview? An essential primer encouraging clinicians to use the therapeutic skills of observation and clinical curiosity they already possess, "Unmasking Psychological Symptoms" explores more than one hundred medical conditions--including thyroid disorders, diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, sleep apnea, HIV, Lyme disease, and many other disorders that produce psychological symptoms. It helps practitioners direct their diagnostic skills to recognize when a physician's evaluation may be called for as the next step in treatment. Filled with examples based on the experiences of real patients and clinicians, "Unmasking Psychological Symptoms" covers: Performing a thorough assessment The characteristics that make organic diseases difficult to detect The signs, symptoms, and behavior patterns clinicians should look for when an underlying medical condition is suspected How to know when to refer patients for a medical workup Straightforward and practical, "Unmasking Psychological Symptoms" shows therapists how to optimally use their knowledge base and experience to provide the most effective treatment for their patients.

Masquerading Symptoms

Author : Barbara Schildkrout
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The definitive resource to the signs, symptoms, and patterns of medical diseases that CAN present as psychological problems This invaluable reference enables clinicians, as well as patients and their families, to become more familiar with these medical conditions and how they may masquerade as mental disorders.Part One of this book is organized so that it corresponds to the sections of the Standard Mental Status Exam. It is composed of clinical presentation descriptions that direct the reader to the medical diseases described inPart Two that may be contributing to the patient's discomfort. Without medical jargon, Barbara Schildkrout lucidly explains how patients with each medical condition may end up seeking help from a mental health professional. The conditions explored in this book include: Alzheimer's disease Brain tumors Carbon monoxide poisoning Diseases of the thyroid Endocrine disorders Hepatic encephalopathy HIV/AIDS Hyperventilation syndrome Hypoglycemia Limbic encephalitis Lyme disease Syphilis Thiamine deficiency Traumatic brain injury The book also describes a proven process for working with patients during and after the referral process, and integrating medical findings into ongoing therapeutic work. All mental health professionals need access to this information, and Masquerading Symptoms puts it all in a single, easily navigated reference. BARBARA SCHILDKROUT, MD,is an Assistant Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. She has taught for many years at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. She has a Subspecialty Board Certification through the United Council for Neurological Subspecialties in behavioral neurology and neuropsychiatry and has maintained a private clinical practice in the Boston area for over 25 years.

Forgiveness and Rumination

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Forgiveness has recently become a popular focus of research in psychology. In addition to philosophical and theological explorations, psychologists have extended the study of forgiveness into physical and psychological health. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between forgiveness and rumination, as well as the associations among these two factors, health and acute physiological responses. Sixty females participated in a betrayal narrative as well as a rumination period. Two measures of state forgiveness, one measure of trait forgiveness, and two measures of trait rumination were used. Blood pressure and cortisol reactivity were assessed. State forgiveness was associated with rumination, but not trait forgiveness. Forgiveness was not related to physical symptoms, but was strongly related to depression and anxiety. State forgiveness was related to increased mean arterial pressure during the betrayal interview, but these increases were not maintained in the rumination period. High forgivers displayed a greater reduction in cortisol level, from post-baseline to post-rumination period, than low forgivers. The role of suppressing emotions and catharsis in cardiovascular and endocrine effects are discussed.

Stress Type A Coping and Psychological and Physical Symptoms

Author : Jeffrey R. Edwards
File Size : 59.97 MB
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Medically Unexplained Physical Symptoms

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Mind and Body

Author : Stephen A. Green
File Size : 34.86 MB
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The Inner Cause

Author : Martin Brofman
File Size : 87.81 MB
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Explores the body as a map of consciousness, where physical symptoms reflect stresses on our minds, emotions, and Higher Self • Offers a comprehensive guide to 800 physical symptoms with the description of their inner cause and the message they are sending to our consciousness • Explains how learning a symptom’s message empowers the individual affected to take charge and effect change on the inner level • Addresses the individual as well as the helping professions, healers and therapists, to help them understand more fully the dynamics of the body-mind interface The body is intimately connected to the mind and the Spirit. Each physical symptom reflects a deeper part of our Spirit and consciousness, the part the Western traditions know as the “unconscious” or “subconscious.” When we make a decision that leaves us with stress, it affects our consciousness, and therefore our energy field or aura. When the tension increases in intensity, it reaches the physical level where it creates a symptom. This means that if we make a different decision, or change our mind about something, we can let go of this stress, and the symptom. The symptom itself is not the problem, just a message that, once understood, has fulfilled its purpose and can be released. Integrating Martin Brofman’s more than 30 years of research and healing practice, The Inner Cause comprises an A to Z compendium of 800 symptoms and a psychology of their inner causes, the messages they are trying to send to our consciousness. Woven into the descriptions of symptoms, the author also discusses personality profiles associated with certain symptoms, derived from his understanding of the chakras, the body-mind interface, and the connections he discovered when developing his Body Mirror System of Healing. He explains that when you explore the inner cause to a symptom, you recognize that you have created this symptom through the stressed way you chose to respond to the conditions in your life. By learning a symptom’s message, you become empowered to take charge and effect change on the inner level. For each symptom discussed, the author explores the message of the symptom, which chakras are involved, how you may be affected, and which issues you might need to look at to resolve the tension or stress--although a specific solution will always depend on the individual’s personal situation. With its correlation of symptoms and psychological states of being, The Inner Cause provides invaluable insight into how we can effectively support our own healing process physically, emotionally, and spiritually.

Psychology of Physical Activity

Author : Stuart Biddle
File Size : 80.15 MB
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As modern lifestyles offer ever more opportunities for a sedentary existence, physical activity has become, for many, a marginal aspect of life. Too little physical activity is linked to common, often serious, health problems, and although this link is now widely acknowledged, levels of sedentary behaviour continue to increase throughout western society. Psychology of Physical Activity, 2nd Edition addresses this concern, bringing together a wealth of up to date information about exercise behaviour including: motivation and psychological factors associated with activity or inactivity the psychological outcomes of exercising including the 'feel–good' factor understanding specific clinical populations interventions and applied practice in the psychology of physical activity current trends and future directions in research and practice. Updated to reflect new findings and research directions, this new edition includes full textbook features, and is accompanied by a dedicated website providing lecturers and students with extensive support materials, including powerpoint slides and student MCQ's. Visit the companion website at www.routledge.com/textbooks/9780415366656.

Exercise Psychology

Author : Heather Hausenblas
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Written for the upper-level undergraduate and graduate-level courses in exercise psychology and behavioral physical activity, Exercise Psychology: The Psychology of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior focuses on the psychological effects of physical activity in a variety of special populations. The first text of its kind to focus on both the psychology of exercise and sedentary behavior, it provides a strong theoretical and applied focus to the field, and includes interesting vignettes and critical thinking activities to engage readers in the learning process. With an engaging, student-friendly approach, the authors provide complete and comprehensive information that examines research on behavioral physical activity and translating research into practice. The text also looks at sedentary behavior and the recent paradigm shift examining the health effects of sedentary behavior.

Embodied

Author : Christopher Eccleston
File Size : 31.91 MB
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For the most part bodies have been neglected and ignored in psychology, thought of merely as a taxi for the mind, dwarfed by the study of observable behaviour, of action and agency, motivation and performance, or of cognition and emotion. 'Embodied' is a fascinating guide to how we experience our bodies and how our bodies experience the world.

Physical Activity and Psychological Well being

Author : Stuart Biddle
File Size : 61.42 MB
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This book was commissioned by Somerset Health Authority to provide an updated overview of the case for exercise and mental health promotion.

Stress The Psychology of Managing Pressure How to Turn Pressure Into Positive Energy In 5 Simple Steps

Author : Felix Antony
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Tame stress and its cousin illnesses, anxiety and depression, without stressing about it by implementing the strategies that this book discusses!At least 71% of the world's human population experiences physical symptoms that are caused by stress while 73% of them experiences psychological symptoms that come with stress! These physical and psychological symptoms include feeling dizzy, change in sex drive, change in appetite, muscle tension, upset stomach, headache, fatigue, feeling nervous, lack of energy, irritability or anger, feeling as though you could cry and much more.This coupled with the fact that stress can worsen or contribute to health problems such as diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, arthritis, asthma, skin conditions and many others make it very important to prioritize your quest towards taking full charge of your stress response.When you also consider the fact that employers lose a staggering $300 billion due to stress related health care and missed work, this makes you realize how serious the issue of effective stress control is in today's busy world.

The Whole Hearted Healing Diagnosis Manual

Author : Grant McFetridge
File Size : 28.5 MB
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Diagnostic Subcellular Psychobiology This groundbreaking work shows how psychological and physical symptoms arise from damage inside the cell itself. For the first time, psychological symptoms that range from trauma to serious mental illness can be understood as perceptions of biological problems at a subcellular level. This handbook is specifically designed as a desk reference for therapists and psychiatrists diagnosing and treating clients. Containing over 50 diseases and disorders of the cell, each entry gives a brief description of the cause, an illustration of the subcellular biology, differential diagnosis, and the standard psychological-like techniques that treat these biological issues quickly and effectively. Radical change to the field of psychology is now possible with this approach, including a needed shift to 'pay for results' billing. This first generation of subcellular cases includes: the epigenetic origin of generational, associational, and biographical trauma, why trauma techniques sometimes won't work, the fungal disease cause for schizophrenic voices, how suicidal feelings originate from birth trauma, subcellular perceptions that cause spiritual emergencies, a cross reference to ICD-10 categories, and more... This Peak States(r) Therapy volume is a companion to "Peak States of Consciousness" and "The Basic Whole-Hearted Healing(r) Manual."

10 Simple Solutions to Panic

Author : Martin Antony
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We all get scared sometimes. Our hearts race, our breath gets shallow, and our hands and feet turn icy cold--these physical expressions of fear are our normal responses to things that threaten us. But moments of panic can cause you to experience these feelings with no apparent cause, robbing you of confidence and composure unexpectedly throughout your day. You deserve to be free from these troublesome moments, and the ten easy and effective techniques you'll find in 10 Simple Solutions to Panic make it not only possible but also easy. Learn how to monitor your episodes of panic, and find out how to replace your anxious, racing inner monologue with calm, realistic thinking. Discover safe and comfortable ways to face fearful situations. Breathing exercises, stress reduction techniques round out this approach to overcoming panic that promises to restore your security and peace of mind.

The Effects of Emotional Disclosure on the Physical Symptoms Healthcare Utilization and Psychosocial Adjustment in Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Author : Karen Michele Siegel
File Size : 41.63 MB
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Social Psychology of Health and Illness

Author : Glenn S. Sanders
File Size : 45.90 MB
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This books describes how and why "distant" social influences, such as socialization practices, interpersonal relationships, and social organization, are often just as important as medical considerations in determining an individual's tendency toward health or illness. The essays describe some of the pathways through which these social influences are exerted and also offer suggestions as to how these influences can be swayed in the direction of good health. The editors' broader aim is to stress the importance of social psychological orientation as a useful conceptual tool for the analysis of health and illness.

Psychology

Author : Carole Wade
File Size : 73.48 MB
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Negative Life Experiences Alexithymia and Physical Symptoms

Author : Emily J. Mayberry
File Size : 90.74 MB
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